Interior Decorating Information

The Arts & Crafts Movement for Beginners


If you like clean, simple, oak furnishings, you're likely an Arts & Crafts aficionado. In this month's column, we'll talk about the history, the early champions and the variety of disciplines within the Arts & Crafts movement.

Sometimes, you'll hear the terms Arts & Crafts and Mission used interchangeably. The English call the movement Arts & Crafts and the American's call it Mission. They're both talking about the same thing.

History

The Arts & Crafts period (circa 1850 -1930s) developed in reaction to the Victorian era that preceded it. The late 19th century saw the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. The mass produced merchandise resulting from assembly line production was distressing to artisans who continued to value individually, hand crafted, quality items. These artisans advocated a return to simple, well made items. The movement encompassed not just furniture but also architecture, ceramics, metal work, wallpaper and stain glass. Brown, green, black, yellow tones were prevalent across all fields; as was an emphasis on quality workmanship. There were many Arts & Crafts artisans. William Morris, Gustav Stickley and Frank Lloyd Wright are the most known. Today reproductions continue to be sold by a variety of retailers.

William Morris

Britain's William Morris (1834 - 1896) is one the earliest champions of the movement. Morris and a group of likeminded artisans started Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. Later the company was renamed Morris & Co. The company produced work in a number of areas including architecture, stain glass, fabric, ceramics and wallpaper. Morris' marital home Red House, designed by Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co., is one of earliest examples of Arts & Crafts architecture.

Because Morris is one of the forefathers of the movement, it's not surprising that anything made by him is highly collectible and valuable. His finest work is now found only in museums. Anything made by Morris is usually stamped "Morris & Co."

Gustav Stickley

In the United States, the movement developed around the 1870s with furniture maker Gustav Stickley (1857 -1942) and his family leading the way. In 1900, this New York state based architect and designer introduced his Craftsman line of furniture. The company continues to produce furniture today. In 1997, Barbra Streisand, a pre-eminent collector of Arts & Crafts furniture sold a Gustav Stickley sideboard for $596,500 (USD) in a Christie's auction.

Frank Lloyd Wright

American Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) was instrumental to the Arts & Crafts movement. He is most well known for his work as an architect and was generally commissioned to design a home and all of its furniture. His work rarely comes up for sale and commands a very high price when it does appear. The residential home, Fallingwater and the Guggenheim Museum in New York are two of his most famous architectural works.

Furniture

The furniture of this period is solidly constructed simple furniture that frequently was made of quarter sawn oak and ash wood. Rush seating is prevalent. Spindle-back and sides, horizontal and vertical slat-back and sides are customary design elements. Upholstery is often done in green, brown or black leather. Because this furniture is so well constructed, you'll see antique pieces receiving regular use today.

Ceramics

Potters also reacted against the mass produced wares of Victoria era. Craftsmen began to create ceramics influenced by the graceful Japanese style of the Aesthetic movement. New types of glazes and more creative forms opened up new avenues to potters. In North America, the Arts & Crafts movement led to a fundamental change in the perception of ceramics. Up until this period, ceramics were perceived as utilitarian, not decorative. The new wealthy class could afford to splurge on superfluous decorative objects. Design subjects often included flowers, dragons, flora and fauna and were commonly applied in brown, yellow, green glazes.

Metalwork

The move to hand crafted workmanship affected artisans who worked with silver, brass, pewter and copper. Companies such as Liberty & Co. and Tiffany & Co. produced pieces using hand and machine production methods. Characteristics include hammered surfaces and green or brown enamels.

Martin Swinton owns Take-A-Boo Emporium located in Toronto, Canada. He has appeared on a variety of television programs; does furniture restoration; caning and rushing repairs; appraisals and has taught courses on antiques at the Learning Annex. Martin can be reached at http://www.takeaboo.com


MORE RESOURCES:
This RSS feed URL is deprecated, please update. New URLs can be found in the footers at https://news.google.com/news


Forbes

The World's Best Interior Designers Hot List
Forbes
We bring you the world's best interior designers who've been making headlines thanks to their lust-worthy residential designs sure to give you some home décor inspiration. Martyn Lawrence-Bullard. Background: Design allowed the 50-year-old British ...



9Honey

How one of Sydney's hottest interior designers styles her own home
9Honey
If you don't know who Sibella Court is, chances are you've seen the design work she's done for hotels, restaurants and bars like Hotel Palisade, The Oaks, Mr Wong and Ms G's. Court is also an award-winning author of titles such as Etcetera, The Stylist ...



Andover Townsman

Andover gains family-run, design-savvy shop
Andover Townsman
Lynn, a 20-year business owner of a Chelmsford dance studio, has always dreamed of owning a store to express her passion for interior design. "Lynn has a great passion for design and decorating," husband John said. "She has always wanted to have a ...



Hyperallergic

Melania Trump's Illustrated Guide to Holiday Decorating
Hyperallergic
If you decorate your living room with Ina's “rough-hewn salvaged wooden beams” and “river stone hearth,” people will think your main home was taken away because your husband went bankrupt. Therefore, I advise to not follow the suggestions of Homely Ina ...



Architectural Digest

The Clever Editors Weigh In on 2018's Home Decor Trends
Architectural Digest
The most to-die-for homes involve some risk-taking, and risk-taking involves trying out a trend or two every once in a while.) The problem is, if you ask five different people in the design industry which trends they think are on the rise, you'll get ...



Domain News

The power of negative space: Why it's an interior designer's secret weapon
Domain News
The hole in a doughnut, the interval between lightning and thunder, an eloquent pause in a conversation – an absence can make a profound impression. The concept of negative space pervades all aspects of design, from art and architecture to interiors ...



The Columbian

Yet another thing to argue about: throw pillows
The Columbian
It's a well-known decorating fact that throw pillows are an easy and inexpensive way to change the look of a room. They can add color, texture, interest or a dash of holiday cheer. But that doesn't mean everybody appreciates them. The internet is full ...



New York Times

Decorating for the Holidays? Do It Quietly
New York Times
MATCH YOUR HOME'S STYLE “Your holiday décor should echo the style of your house,” said Danielle Rollins, an interior designer in Atlanta and the author of “Soiree: Entertaining with Style.” For a rustic home she decorated, she said, she incorporated ...



Ladue News

Pieces of Home
Ladue News
“We enjoyed decorating and design, and we always said one day when our kids were older, we'd like to start our own business,” says Neskar, who is a commercial and residential interior designer, while Andrews has a background in furniture and home décor ...



Forbes

LexSet Is About To Revolutionize Interior Design With NextGen AI
Forbes
Meet the Jarvis of home design, soon to be launched in 2018. The company is LexSet and it aims to revolutionize the way people shop, assemble and design for their homes. Everyone knows that decorating a new home can be challenging—so much so that ...


Google News

home | site map | Nautical Decor
© 2006