The Neurological Exam: Evaluating the Master Organ
How does a mind contemplate itself? That's a philosophical question I'll leave to minds smarter than mine, but what I can tell you is how to examine the brain and other parts of the nervous system.
Most people are familiar with how doctors examine a heart or set of lungs. The physical exam of these organs consists mainly of using a stethoscope to listen to them in action. But when it comes to examining components of the nervous system-consisting of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles-a stethoscope is pretty useless. The nervous system doesn't make sounds that the doctor can listen to (though the arteries in the neck that deliver blood to the brain can be usefully listened to). But because people can have medical disorders that damage the nervous system, it is every bit as important to have a method for evaluating this organ as for any other.
The method is called the neurological exam. Because different parts of the nervous system do different things, the basic idea of the neurological exam is to put the patient through a number of mini-exams, each evaluating the function of a different component. And what a variety of functions there are! In fact, apart from exposure to an inspiring teacher, this is what drew me into the study of neurology in the first place-the sheer diversity of the neurological exam.
This is an organ responsible for jobs as diverse as thinking, remembering, smelling, tasting, seeing, hearing, speaking, moving, walking, balancing, feeling and, yes, even contemplating itself-though I confess that my neurological exam doesn't include an assessment of self-contemplation. Moreover, the nervous system handles many infrastructure tasks like controlling body-temperature, pulse, blood-pressure, breathing and enabling a person to urinate at a time and place of their choosing. What's not to admire about an organ system that can do so many things!
The many mini-tests of the neurological exam are bundled together in the following sub-groupings: mental status exam, cranial nerve exam, motor exam, sensory exam and evaluation of stance and walking. I'll provide a brief overview of each.
The mental status exam focuses on the cerebrum which has a wrinkly, gray, outer surface usually shown in pictures of the brain. The cerebrum is divided into eight lobes which includes pairs of frontal lobes, parietal lobes, temporal lobes and-bringing up the rear-the occipital lobes. Each handles different mental tasks. In fact, even within a lobe, many different jobs are handled. So the usual mental status exam consists of observing the patient's behavior in the exam room and using a variety of standard tests to check the patient's orientation to time and place, attention, memory, speech, comprehension of language, memory, calculation and ability to track the relative positions of objects in space.
The next grouping of mini-tests, the cranial nerve exam, also assesses the functioning of parts of the cerebrum, but additionally focuses on the brainstem. The brainstem is located at the base of the brain and connects the cerebrum above to the spinal cord below. The cranial nerve exam includes tests of smelling, vision, constriction of the pupils, eye-movement, facial sensation, facial movement, hearing, and action of certain muscles in the throat, tongue, neck and shoulders.
I'll single out one item on the cranial nerve exam as deserving special mention, and that is the visual field exam. The visual fields are evaluated one eye at a time. While the patient stares at an unmoving object, the doctor asks if the patient can see objects (like the doctor's fingers) appearing in different locations of the patient's peripheral vision. In order to detect objects in the four corners of each eye's vision, the patient must have proper functioning of each of six lobes of the brain-both parietal lobes, both temporal lobes and both occipital lobes. In fact, this is the only portion of the entire neurological exam that checks the right temporal lobe. Despite its importance, the visual field exam sometimes gets skipped by medical students (in which case the ones under this author's supervision must endure hearing an earful).
The motor exam includes some pretty obvious things like checking the strength of different muscles in the arms and legs, but also includes less obvious components like muscle tone, coordination, and the presence of involuntary movements. It also includes an inspection of muscles for loss of size or the presence of spontaneous twitches. Additionally, this is the part of the exam in which the doctor pulls out his or her rubber hammer and checks reflexes in the arms and legs. The motor exam also includes a briefly painful maneuver-called the Babinski test-in which the bottom of the foot is scraped with a metal object while the doctor observes for a reflexive response in certain foot-muscles.
The sensory exam focuses on the processing of inputs from sensory nerve-endings in the patient's skin and joints. It can include awareness of light touch, pain, warmth, coldness and vibration. In addition, the doctor examines position-sense by moving the patient's toes and fingers up or down and asking the patient to say, without looking, which way they moved.
Finally, we have those portions of the exam related to stance and walking, but also including the patients' ability to transfer in and out of their chair. While on their feet, patients are asked to walk in their usual fashion, as well as on tiptoes. They are also observed while doing a "tandem gait," known more commonly as the "state trooper test," in which they walk flat-footed in a straight line with the heel of the leading foot touching the toes of the trailing foot. Last, the doctor checks the patients' ability to remain standing after closing their eyes. This is called the Romberg test.
That's about it. In the hands of experienced clinicians the neurological exam doesn't take much longer to perform than to describe, and yet provides a wealth of information about the functioning of the patient's nervous system. In this age of high-tech imaging devices the neurological exam might seem archaic or old-fashioned, but it is still indispensable, and provides diagnostic information that even a battery of CT or MRI scans might miss.
(C) 2005 by Gary Cordingley
Gary Cordingley, MD, PhD, is a clinical neurologist, teacher and researcher who works in Athens, Ohio. For more health-related articles, see his website at: http://www.cordingleyneurology.com
Members Move Medicine: Legislating for the practice of medicine American Medical Association
AMA member Mary S. Carpenter, MD, states that physicians can have a positive and lasting impact on not only the health of patients, but the health of their ...
It's National Clean Out Your Medicine Cabinet Day! WKBW-TV
National Clean Out You Medicine Cabinet Day occurs annually on the third Friday of April.
Where AI in Medicine Falls Short Scientific American
I met Peter and his family, as I so often do with patients, at what I can only assume was one of the worst points in their lives. As an infant, Peter (whose details I ...
Opinion | Marijuana is a medicine not a menace Washington Blade
I am the past chairperson of the board of directors of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, based in Washington, D.C. for the past 50 ...
Preventive Medicine: Why Notre Dame burned, and what it means for your health New Haven Register
Notre Dame Cathedral ignited, so far as we know, because accidents happen at construction (and reconstruction) sites. But it burned so ferociously because of a ...
Found: A Quack’s Medicine Bottles, Buried Behind a Haunted Hotel Atlas Obscura
Two months ago, a landscape artist stumbled upon a cache of hundreds of glass bottles buried behind Arkansas's purportedly haunted Crescent Hotel and Spa.
VIDEO: Asthma Interventions—More Than Just the Medicine DocWire News
A variety of factors come into play when treating asthma—and environmental respiratory triggers go beyond the obvious.Many interventions exist.
Medicine’s racist past makes many African-Americans wary of giving blood — but sickle cell patients have urgent need - Chicago Tribune
Medicine’s racist past makes many African-Americans wary of giving blood — but sickle cell patients have urgent need Chicago Tribune
Dr. A. Kyle Mack, a pediatric hematologist at Lurie Children's Hospital, is on a mission to persuade more African-Americans to give blood.
More than half of internal medicine graduates choosing primary care Medical Xpress
(HealthDay)—More than half of internal medicine graduates in 2016 and 2017 pursued a career in primary care, according to a study published online April 8 in ...
Grocery, medicine lines grow as shortages stir fears in Cuba Arkansas Online
BAUTA, Cuba -- After two decades of relative stability fueled by cheap Venezuelan oil, shortages of food and medicine have once again become a serious daily ...
Eric Topol's Deep Medicine examines the use of AI in healthcare Fast Company
In his new book on the subject, top doctor Eric Topol impressively captures the challenges—practical and ethical—surrounding the use of AI in healthcare.
Penn State Berks 'Exercise Is Medicine' program receives gold-level status bctv.org
WYOMISSING, PA––The “Exercise is Medicine on Campus” program at Penn State Berks has been recognized as a gold-level program by the American ...
Seven days in medicine: 10-16 April 2019 The BMJ
BMJ 2019; 365 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1782 (Published 18 April 2019) Cite this as: BMJ 2019;365:l1782. Article · Related *content* · Metrics · Responses ...
Kepecs named BJC investigator Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
Adam Kepecs, PhD, recognized internationally for his research on neural circuits responsible for cognition and decision-making, has been named a BJC ...
Drug reduces risk of kidney failure in people with diabetes, study finds - Stanford Medical Center Report
Drug reduces risk of kidney failure in people with diabetes, study finds Stanford Medical Center Report
Canagliflozin, a drug approved to lower glucose levels in diabetic patients, can slow the progression of kidney disease, according to a study co-authored by a ...
Screening for breech presentation using universal late-pregnancy ultrasonography: A prospective cohort study and cost effectiveness analysis - PLoS Blogs
Screening for breech presentation using universal late-pregnancy ultrasonography: A prospective cohort study and cost effectiveness analysis PLoS Blogs
In their cohort study, David Wastlund and colleagues find that universal ultrasound scanning for breech presentation near term is associated with reduced ...
A Third of People With Cancer Use Alternative Medicine. Here's Why That Could Be Dangerous TIME
A third of cancer patients use alternative therapies like supplements and yoga. These are the benefits—and drawbacks.
Medicine shortages set to continue despite Brexit delay GP online
Medicine shortages are unlikely to improve as a result of Brexit being delayed healthcare leaders have said, after it was revealed that the number of drugs on a ...
Harness Emotion, Come Out and Execute – OU Medicine Game Day Report: OKC vs. POR Game 3 | Oklahoma City Thunder - OKCThunder.com
Harness Emotion, Come Out and Execute – OU Medicine Game Day Report: OKC vs. POR Game 3 | Oklahoma City Thunder OKCThunder.com
Earlier this season, former Thunder forward Nick Collison said this year's team had an “edge” that wasn't there a much in 2017-18. That mental toughness and ...
Precision Medicine in Solid Tumor Malignancies OncLive
Insight regarding the evolvement of personalized medicine for the treatment of solid tumor malignancies and its overall impact on the design of clinical trials.
Nick McClary column: Is the evidence settled on complementary and alternative medicine for cancer? - South Strand news
Nick McClary column: Is the evidence settled on complementary and alternative medicine for cancer? South Strand news
Over the past two columns, I reviewed two studies covering alternative and complementary medicine for cancer treatment. For those who didn't happen to read ...
Penn Medicine treats patients in first human CRISPR trial in the U.S. The Daily Pennsylvanian
Penn Medicine researchers have used the gene-editing technology CRISPR to treat two cancer patients in the first ever human trial with CRISPR in the United ...
Medicine Man Technologies Announces Record Revenue and 2018 Year-End Financial Results - New Cannabis Ventures
Medicine Man Technologies Announces Record Revenue and 2018 Year-End Financial Results New Cannabis Ventures
Company to Host Financial Results Conference Call and Update on Business Developments on Thursday, April 25, 2019, at 4:15 p.m. ET. DENVER, April 17 ...
Footy Wife Slammed After Promoting Medicine That's Just Ground Up Rice LADbible
The ex-vaxxer mum has been criticised for promoting a product that does nothing.
Penn Medicine treats two cancer patients with gene-editing tool CRISPR PhillyVoice.com
Clinicians at the University of Pennsylvania have treated two cancer patients with CRISPR, a gene-editing technology that enables precise modifications to DNA.
Why Does Medicine Cost So Much? Here's How Drug Prices Are Set TIME
From 2007 to 2016, Mylan raised the list price of its EpiPen about 500%, from just under $100 to more than $600. From 2002 to 2013, insulin prices more than ...
Drug Sites Upend Doctor-Patient Relations: ‘It’s Restaurant-Menu Medicine’ The New York Times
A new wave of websites turns physicians into mere gatekeepers for popular lifestyle drugs, increasing public health risks, experts say. The sites say they ease ...
19th-century medicine: Milk was used as a blood substitute for transfusions Big Think
Before we really had the scientific method pinned down, scientists used to just try out whatever hare-brained idea came to them. In this case, that hare-brained ...
Scam Awareness, Alzheimer Dementia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment Annals of Internal Medicine
Decreased scam awareness may be an early indicator of impending Alzheimer dementia and its precursor, mild cognitive impairment, but prior studies have not ...
Closing the gender pay gap in medicine AAMCNews
Leaders in academic medicine have been working to address salary inequities. A new AAMC report highlights the progress made to date — and the challenges ...
Here's how Penn Medicine is addressing innovation MedCity News
In a phone interview, chief innovation officer Roy Rosin discussed how Penn Medicine is approaching behavior change, allowing clinicians to receive needed ...
Should A Nurse's Fatal Medical Error Be Prosecuted? : Shots - Health News NPR
A nurse was charged with 'reckless homicide' after mistakenly giving a patient a fatal dose of the wrong medicine. Patient safety experts say this may actually ...
Online Medicine On-Demand Sounds Easy, But There's A Downside : Shots - Health News NPR
If you're on Instagram or if you've taken the New York City subway lately, chances are you've heard of Hims, the men's health and wellness company with a ...
Queen’s collaborates with Almac Diagnostic to bring personalised medicine to oesophageal cancer - Express Healthcare
Queen’s collaborates with Almac Diagnostic to bring personalised medicine to oesophageal cancer Express Healthcare
Personalised medicine approach to individuals could lead to patients having tumours successfully removed, improving their prognosis and quality of life.
Texas Tech's School Of Medicine To Stop Considering Race In Admissions NPR
David Greene talks to Wall Street Journal reporter Michelle Hackman, who got access to documents detailing the agreement between the Texas Tech medical ...
Gene-silencing: 'New class' of medicine reverses disease porphyria BBC News
Doctors have used a new type of medicine called "gene silencing" to reverse a disease that leaves people in crippling pain. The condition, acute intermittent ...
Top News in Internal Medicine April 19 2019 (1 of 5) MD Linx
Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have demonstrated that the recently developed antidiabetic drug empagliflozin can treat and ...
Woman chooses traditional medicine over radiation to treat cancer APTN News
A Vancouver woman diagnosed with Phyllodes Cystosarcoma has chosen to treat her cancer with trditional medicines.
The World Health Organization Gives the Nod to Traditional Chinese Medicine. Bad Idea - Scientific American
The World Health Organization Gives the Nod to Traditional Chinese Medicine. Bad Idea Scientific American
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...
Top News in Internal Medicine April 19 2019 (11 of 14) MD Linx
It's one of the great mysteries of medicine, and one that affects the lives of millions of people: Why do women's immune systems gang up on them far more often ...
UChicago Medicine receives $3.8 million, five-year grant to study stimulation and sedation in excessive drinkers - Newswise
UChicago Medicine receives $3.8 million, five-year grant to study stimulation and sedation in excessive drinkers Newswise
A leading clinical and research psychologist at the University of Chicago Medicine has been awarded a $3.8 million grant from the National Institute of Alcohol ...
Former Winnipeg sportscaster pleads guilty to robbing 2 banks in Medicine Hat, Alta. CBC.ca
A former journalist arrested almost two years ago after two banks were robbed in Medicine Hat, Alta., has been convicted of the crimes.
Bryant Cameron Webb Examines The Confluence Of Medicine And Social Justice - Boise State Public Radio
Bryant Cameron Webb Examines The Confluence Of Medicine And Social Justice Boise State Public Radio
Dr. Bryant Cameron Webb of the University of Virginia School of Medicine was recently in Boise to lecture on the relationship between medical policy and social ...
Addressing weight bias in medicine - Harvard Health Blog Harvard Health
You happen to be among the two-thirds of Americans with overweight and obesity (defined as a body mass index of 25 or greater), and you are just thrilled to go ...
Computational researchers and oncologists develop protein cancer atlas to accelerate personalized medicine for leukemia patients - UTSA Today
Computational researchers and oncologists develop protein cancer atlas to accelerate personalized medicine for leukemia patients UTSA Today
(April 17, 2019) -- Only about one in four people diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) survive five years after the initial diagnosis. To improve that ...
At WHO Forum on Medicines, countries and civil society push for greater transparency and fairer prices - World Health Organization
At WHO Forum on Medicines, countries and civil society push for greater transparency and fairer prices World Health Organization
At a global forum on fair pricing and access to medicines, delegates from governments and civil society organizations called for greater transparency around the ...
Gov. Ron DeSantis recommits to Canada drug plan, insists imported medicines will be safe - Sun Sentinel
Gov. Ron DeSantis recommits to Canada drug plan, insists imported medicines will be safe Sun Sentinel
As a new ad campaign blasts the safety of the state's drug import proposal, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis reconfirmed his commitment to curb prescription drug ...
Texas Tech School of Medicine will not consider race in admissions process, per agreement with Trump administration - CNN
Texas Tech School of Medicine will not consider race in admissions process, per agreement with Trump administration CNN
The Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine will not consider race or national origin as a factor in its admissions process, according to ...
Donoff to step down as dean of Harvard School of Dental Medicine Harvard Gazette
Bruce Donoff, dean of Harvard School of Dental Medicine for 28 years, announced today that he will step down from the position effective Jan. 1, 2020.
Watch Melissa Etheridge Perform ‘Medicine Show’ Songs on ‘CBS This Morning’ Rolling Stone
A day after releasing her new album The Medicine Show, Melissa Etheridge appeared on CBS This Morning to showcase a pair of tracks from her new LP as ...
Is Now The Time To Put China Traditional Chinese Medicine Holdings (HKG:570) On Your Watchlist? - Simply Wall St
Is Now The Time To Put China Traditional Chinese Medicine Holdings (HKG:570) On Your Watchlist? Simply Wall St
It's only natural that many investors, especially those who are new to the game, prefer to buy shares in 'sexy' stocks with a good story, even if those businesses ...
Asthma takes a toll on African-Americans. Can precision medicine help? STAT
Geneticist Dr. Esteban Burchard was studying asthma at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston years ago when, he recalled, “a black teenager died of an ...
Take Your Medicine: This $1.5 Billion Health Startup’s Smart Pills Keep Patients From Forgetting - Forbes
Take Your Medicine: This $1.5 Billion Health Startup’s Smart Pills Keep Patients From Forgetting Forbes
Are patients taking their medications correctly, and are the medicines working? A handful of digital health startups tries to make it easier to tell -- say, ...
Finegold Alexander Architects completes renovation of Boston University School of Medicine's Alumni Medical Library - New England Real Estate Journal Online
Finegold Alexander Architects completes renovation of Boston University School of Medicine's Alumni Medical Library New England Real Estate Journal Online
Boston, MA Finegold Alexander Architects has completed the design and renovation for Boston University School of Medicine's Alumni Medical Library, which is ...
Medicine Man Technologies Inc (OTCMKTS: MDCL) Stock On A Bull Run Insider Financial
Shares of Medicine Man Technologies Inc (OTCMKTS: MDCL) have been tearing up the charts all year. Earlier this month, the stock blasted through the $2.50 ...
FDA developing new rules for artificial intelligence in medicine - STAT STAT
The Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it is developing a framework for regulating artificial intelligence products used in medicine that ...
A doctor's hopes for digital medicine - The AI will see you now The Economist
Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again. By Eric Topol.Basic Books; 400 pages; $17.99. FOR ALL the technological ...
Aspiring doctors seek advanced training in addiction medicine NBCNews.com
Once a tiny specialty that drew mostly psychiatrists, addiction medicine is expanding its accredited training to include primary care residents.
A Revolution in Access to Medicine is Underway in Five African Countries UN Dispatch
Among the many barriers to quality healthcare in the developing world is the high cost of medicine. This is due, in part, to frequent disruptions in the supply chain ...
Investors are starting to bet big on psychedelic medicine CNBC
A life sciences company called ATAI just got a group of investors together to fund research and development into the therapeutic uses of psychedelics.
Targeting cancer and careers: Precision Medicine Science Magazine
Job opportunities abound for researchers and clinicians in cancer precision medicine who are at home collecting and analyzing big data.
Top News in Internal Medicine April 19 2019 (10 of 12) MD Linx
University of Southern California Health News | April 19, 2019. The number 1 excuse adults give for not exercising is time, USC experts say. But what if working ...
UW Veterinary Medicine Keeps State's Dairy Cows and Workers Healthy Dairy Herd Management
Like their human caretakers, dairy cows need top-notch medical care to stay healthy. Illness can drop milk production and threaten the rest of the herd, meaning ...
U of T launches PRiME, a precision medicine initiative News@UofT
The University of Toronto has launched the Precision Medicine Initiative at U of T (PRiME), a new cross-institutional, multi-faculty effort that will leverage the ...
Blocking protein's activity restores cognition in old mice Stanford Medical Center Report
Neuroscientist Tony Wyss-Coray and his team discovered that they were able to improve the cognitive function of older mice after blocking a protein on brain ...
Does Medicine Really Expire? Live Science
Drugmakers set expiration dates to guarantee a medicine's safety and full potency. How long a drug actually remains effective is often a matter of debate.
UAE Ministry withdraws malaria medicine gulfnews.com
The Ministry of Health withdrew medicines for cough, arthritis and malaria.
Centene and Washington University partner to advance personalized medicine research - Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
Centene and Washington University partner to advance personalized medicine research Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
Centene Corp. and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis announced Monday, April 8, a partnership to transform and accelerate research into ...
Foundation Medicine, Flatiron Health Publish Clinical Validity of Clinico-Genomics Database - GenomeWeb
Foundation Medicine, Flatiron Health Publish Clinical Validity of Clinico-Genomics Database GenomeWeb
In the JAMA study, researchers confirmed the previously known clinical and genomic features of NSCLC patients in their large clinico-genomics database.
WVU Medicine set to add 5th hospital in 2 years - WV MetroNews West Virginia MetroNews
MORGANTOWN, W.Va. — Twenty-three years later, the major mission to increase West Virginians' access to healthcare remains largely unchanged.
Q&A: Could modern medicine have saved Abraham Lincoln? BBC History Magazine
Abraham Lincoln was shot at point-blank range on 14 April 1865 by John Wilkes Booth. Would modern medicine have been able to save the president?
Thief Steals Artist’s Collage Of License Plates From Penn Medicine’s Perelman Center In Broad Daylight - CBS Philly
Thief Steals Artist’s Collage Of License Plates From Penn Medicine’s Perelman Center In Broad Daylight CBS Philly
PHILADELPHIA (CBS) – An unusual piece of artwork is now in the wrong hands. It was stolen off a wall in University City. Tim Barton is a nuclear engineer, but ...
Tuition-free medical school: How the NYU School of Medicine is going tuition-free - 60 Minutes - CBS News
Tuition-free medical school: How the NYU School of Medicine is going tuition-free - 60 Minutes CBS News
One of the top medical schools in the United States is going tuition-free. Lesley Stahl reports on how and why they're doing it.
Docs gone wild: The risks and rewards of wilderness medicine AAMCNews
Everest base camp. The ice cap of Greenland. Deep-sea diving destinations. With the growing popularity of adventure tourism and extreme sports comes the ...
FAMU Black Archives opens exhibit honoring pioneers in medicine, science WCTV
The Meek-Eaton Southeastern Regional Black Archives Research Center and Museum unveiled a new exhibit highlighting African American pioneers in ...
FBI investigating theft of artwork from Penn Medicine building PhillyVoice.com
The FBI's Art Crime Team is investigating the theft of a $1600 work of from Penn Medicine's Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine.
Defiant Decha vows new batch of cannabis medicine The Nation
Traditional healer says more than 5000 of his cancer patients are waiting for cannabinoid drugs, urges officials to return marijuana seized during raid.
Machines Treating Patients? It's Already Happening TIME
Artificial intelligence (AI) is infiltrating everything, from the way we shop to medical care we get. Here's the latest on AI and medicine.
I'm trying to reverse African-Americans' distrust of medicine one… STAT
Erasing decades of distrust won't be easy, and it won't happen suddenly. Collecting better-matched blood for patients with sickle cell disease is a start.
Extending Human Longevity With Regenerative Medicine Singularity Hub
The goal is to restore our body's natural regenerative capacity, which could address some of the root causes of age-associated disease.
Greater transparency, fairer prices for medicines 'a global human rights issue', says UN health agency - UN News
Greater transparency, fairer prices for medicines 'a global human rights issue', says UN health agency UN News
While developing countries have long struggled with the price of medicines, today's costs have rendered it a world-wide challenge, and the key topic of concern ...
Here's why your medicine costs so much | Opinion PennLive.com
A little known, but hugely impactful, industry that significantly drives up the cost of prescription drugs in Pennsylvania took center stage last week as part of ...
Genes which prevent four million people gaining weight discovered, in new hope for slimming medicine - Telegraph.co.uk
Genes which prevent four million people gaining weight discovered, in new hope for slimming medicine Telegraph.co.uk
The genes which protect around four million people in the UK from obesity have been discovered following a major research project.
Light, physical activity reduces brain aging EurekAlert
(Boston)--Incremental physical activity, even at light intensity, is associated with larger brain volume and healthy brain aging. Considerable evidence suggests ...
Digital medicine startups are booming. What are the side effects? Fast Company
Direct-to-consumer medicine companies like Hims and Hubble certainly have an appeal, but are they truly safe for patients?
In Praise of 'Precision Health,' Not Just Precision Medicine Fortune
Lloyd Minor, dean of the Stanford University School of Medicine, wants to hear a little less chatter about precision medicine and a little more about “precision ...
KY Sports Medicine Lab Includes Jockey Health Emphasis BloodHorse.com
The Jockey and Equestrian Initiative, part of the world-class Sports Medicine Research Institute at the University of Kentucky, aims to conduct research on jockey ...
Athletic Medicine Review Board - University of Maryland Athletics UMTerps.com
Launched in Spring 2019, the Athletic Medicine Review Board (AMRB) is comprised of experts from across the athletic, medical and legal professions and ...
Grasping the multidimensional narrative of Topol's 'Deep Medicine' STAT
Eric Topol's "Deep Medicine" mimics the direction the author wants medicine to take — to become more comprehensive, personal, effective, and humane.
Watch: Bulletproof jackets are more important than medicine for children, says Pakistani news anchor - Scroll.in
Watch: Bulletproof jackets are more important than medicine for children, says Pakistani news anchor Scroll.in
Pakistani news anchor Kiran Naz decided to protest against the killing of a child in Karachi by wearing a bulletproof jacket during her show.
Global Regenerative Medicine Market to 2024 - Dominated by Kite Pharma, Novartis, Vericel Corp, Integra LifeSciences, Wright Medical, MiMedx, Osiris Therapeutics, Stryker Corp, and Spark Therapeutics - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Business Wire
Global Regenerative Medicine Market to 2024 - Dominated by Kite Pharma, Novartis, Vericel Corp, Integra LifeSciences, Wright Medical, MiMedx, Osiris Therapeutics, Stryker Corp, and Spark Therapeutics - ResearchAndMarkets.com Business Wire
DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Regenerative Medicine Market by Type [Cell-Based Immunotherapy & Cell Therapy (Allogeneic & Autologous Products), ...
Amid blood pressure medicine shortage, take tainted losartan, says FDA USA TODAY
As various lots of blood pressure medication have been recalled, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is giving patients an odd suggestion: Go ahead, and ...
Ancient Medicine Wheel may have served as star chart WyoFile
Early inhabitants may have used a sacred site to study and predict astronomical events, according to a Bozeman-based researcher.
A third of cancer patients turn to alternative medicine - but many do not tell their doctor - Daily Mail
A third of cancer patients turn to alternative medicine - but many do not tell their doctor Daily Mail
Lead author Nina Sanford, MD, said there should be policies that make it compulsory for doctors to discuss complementary medicines with cancer patients so ...
Psychotherapist Lori Gottlieb Reflects On Her Own Experiences With Therapy : Shots - Health News - NPR
Psychotherapist Lori Gottlieb Reflects On Her Own Experiences With Therapy : Shots - Health News NPR
Lori Gottlieb is a psychotherapist who started seeing a therapist herself after the man she thought she would marry unexpectedly broke up with her. Her new ...
Big variation in French non-prescription medicine cost Non-prescription medication in France can vary in - The Connexion
Big variation in French non-prescription medicine cost Non-prescription medication in France can vary in The Connexion
Non-prescription medication in France can vary in cost by as much as 300% - even for medication bought online - a rural family association has claimed, as it ...
The Future Is Here: University Of Kentucky Sports Medicine Program Will Help Jockeys Ride Safer, Better, Healthier - Horse Racing News - Paulick Report
The Future Is Here: University Of Kentucky Sports Medicine Program Will Help Jockeys Ride Safer, Better, Healthier - Horse Racing News Paulick Report
Any longtime rider of horses will tell you: It's not a question of whether you will fall off but when. For jockeys, the question becomes not whether they'll get hurt, ...
ACP Guidance Statement on Breast Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Women - Annals of Internal Medicine
ACP Guidance Statement on Breast Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Women Annals of Internal Medicine
The purpose of this guidance statement is to provide advice to clinicians on breast cancer screening in average-risk women based on a review of existing ...
Preventing heart disease requires more than medicine STAT
Taking a statin can lower your cholesterol. But it doesn't do much for your risk of dying prematurely, especially if you don't have heart disease.
Venezuela accepts first batch of aid from Red Cross amid medicine shortage Sky News
The healthcare system in Venezuela has been described as in "utter collapse" by a Human Rights Watch report.
10 Reasons To Buy Drugs From An Online Canadian Pharmacy
1. Online Canadian pharmacies offer overall best prices on Canadian drugs, as well as on international drugs.
Residential Drug Treatment Centers
Chemical dependency recovery provides with positive changes in reactions and behaviors. Residential Treatment Centers can be accommodate those suffering from alcoholism, drug addiction, gambling addiction, and more.
The 7 Most Dangerous Mistakes You Can Make When You See a Doctor for Arthritis!
1. Seeing a doctor who's not board-certified or a doctor who isn't really an arthritis specialist.
How to Remove the Psychological Addiction to Smoking - and Start to ENJOY Giving Up Smoking!
Consider this:Already since 1972, over 60 million people in the USA alone have successfully quit smoking!At one stage over 60% of the adult population was addicted to this drug. Today it is 28% and dropping.
Vioxx Side Effects : Are You Suffering?
Have you ever taken the drug Vioxx or celebrex? In September 2004 the drug manufacturer Merck decided to recall the product after long term data suggested a serious potential side effect.This drug and others like it such as as 'Celebrex', 'Bextra' and 'Arcoxia' are part of a family of drugs known as "COX2 drugs" or "COX2 inhibitors"They have been developed with, ironically, patient safety in mind.
Treating Neuromas - Ten Tips
A neuroma is an inflamed nerve. In the foot, the most common place for a neuroma is between the third and fourth toes.
Who Else Wants General Information on Arthritis?
Today there are about 70 million Americans with arthritis?that's one person out of every four who suffer both pain and the expense of this crippling disease. In one year alone, arthritis will be responsible for over half a billion dollars in lost wages.
Protopic Cancer Risk Lawyer
The FDA issued a warning in July of 2005 on two skin creams, Elidel (pimecrolimus) and Protopic (tacrolimus) to all ages. Recent animal studies have found that Protopic causes lymphomas and skin cancers in an unknown percentage of users.
Anxiety Management With Prescription BuSpar: Don't Worry, Be Happy
We've all had one of those weeks: the washing machine overflows, the dog forgets his housetraining and the toddler her toilet training, the boss is going through a divorce and making everyone miserable. And you feel like you just don't know how to handle it all.
195,000 Die Annually From Hospital Mistakes
It just seemed too absurd to be true, but there it was in the August 2, 2004 edition of Newsweek I picked up the other day: "According to HealthGrades, the health-care-rating organization that conducted the study, needless deaths averaged 195,000 a year in 2000, 2001, and 2002. 'That's the equivalent of 390 jumbo jets full of people dying each year,' says Dr.
Prescription Drug Benefit Cost Understated by $324 Billion!
When the legislation was passed for Bush's prescription drug benefit in 2003, costs were said to be approximately $400 billion over the next decade. In great contradiction with this estimate, the centers for Medicaid and Medicare have admitted that costs will actually be around $724 billion.
Lotronex Lawyer: Lotronex Side Effects Lawsuit
Even in clinical trials, Lotronex displayed a tendency towards causing ischemic colitis in patients. From the February in which Lotronex was approved until June, the FDA received seven reports of serious complications of constipation leading to hospitalization.
Chinese Medicine, over 2000 years old, is an ancient form of medicine. Consisting of acupuncture, moxibustion (moxibustion - using material made up of "moxa-wool," in a form of a cone or stick; moxibustion is used to treat and prevent disease by applying heat to pints or certain locations of the human body), herbal medicine, acupressure, cupping, therapeutic exercise and nutrition, traditional Chinese medicine is notated by its principle of internal balance and harmony, or "chi," (life force) regulation through energy channels.
Accutane Side Effects Lawyer: Hair Loss, Depression, Suicide
You probably know the drug isotretinoin by its trade name, accutane. Accutane is a powerful drug often used to treat acne.
Potassium and The Dialysis Patient
Any dialysis patient who has had a brush with high potassium will know only too well how dangerous this can be. We are forever being told to watch our potassium intake, so I thought I would explore the reasons for this, and what practical steps we can take to limit the risks.
Zoloft Side Effects: Akathisia and Violent Behavior
Zoloft is an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor); a prescription drug that combats depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), as well as other various problems. SSRIs work by allowing more serotonin to be released through the brain.
Common Drugs and Their Uses
The five drugs that are discussed in this article are Ibuprofen which is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used for relief of Arthritis, Warfarin which is an anticoagulant drug commonly prescribed by doctors to treat venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, to treat or prevent dangerous blood clotting in people with arterial fibrillation and to prevent strokes, a benzodiazepine drug called Diazepam which is commonly prescribed by doctors for relieve nervousness, anxiety, and anxiety disorders, a sulfonylureas drug called Glipizide which is used to help control blood sugar levels and used to treat type 2 diabetes and a thyroid medication called Armour Thyroid which is prescribed for the treatment of hypothyroidism.Arthritis is a common illness in today's society; doctors prescribe drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for this condition.
UltraCET: The Dynamic Duo Of Prescription Pain Control Medications
Remember the last time you stubbed your toe? OUCH! It's painful. But a stubbed toe usually doesn't send us running to the medicine cabinet, since we know that the pain will pass within a few minutes.
7 Tips to Immediately Reduce Rotator Cuff Pain
1. Support the affected arm during activities of daily living.
New Company Helps Another Medical Condition Become: "Acceptable" Dinner Conversation
Recently once taboo subjects like plastic surgery have become acceptable dinner conversation. Medical conditions are no longer whispered to friends, but have instead become part of the dinner table conversation with full blown discussions on Botox, erectile dysfunction and the feared colonoscopy.
|home | site map | Dr. Thad Thomas|