Science Information

Bees Wax; History and Origin


We have often been asked where wax comes from? Well there are many types of Waxes. Bees wax has been around for a while. There are many mentions of beeswax in historic writing such as the myth where Icarus son of Daedalus put on wings of wax and as he flew too close to the sun, it melted and Icarus fell to his death. The father with more experience flew closer to the ground and made it to Italy. In Roman times Pliny, lived from 23 AD to 79 AD and described white bees wax which he got by boiling yellow bees wax in salt water. This was then used in broth and feed to those with dysentery, it was also used as a skin softener.

Some beeswax to this day is used in cosmetics. Virgil the great Roman Poet (well I do not think the stuff is that good) wrote of an invention by Pan, who was the guardian of the bees (an ancient bee keeper man) made a flute of reeds held together by bees wax. During the Middle Ages wooden panels covered with beeswax was noted by Homer a Greek poet. Many Romans were honored by having statues made of them selves made in bees wax and thus today we have the Movie Land Wax Museum in LA. Romans also wore Death Masks as well occasionally. The Egyptians used wax figures of deities in funeral ceremonies and placed them in graves. In 400 BC Greek Historians say that Persian coated bodies were a form of embalming. The Assyrians covered bodies with bees wax and then dipped the bodies in honey? Hey honey, who knows? In 181 BC when the Romans defeated the Corsicans and imposed a tax of 100,000 lbs of bees wax.

The Romans demanded bees wax when they conquered the city of Trebizond in the first century AD. In Medieval European times wax was a a unit of trade for taxes or other. In 1330 farmers in one region of France paid 2 lbs of bees wax per year. On 1632 records show that the French Monastery called for rent of 600 lbs. of bees wax per year. Also in 1371 a petition was presented to the London Court of Alderman in behalf of the Worshipful Company of Wax Chandlers, which established them as the world's oldest English Guild. In 1483 the company received a Royal Charter with authority to oversee the craft of wax chandlery. And when faults were found to punish the offender, which included seizing the wax.

Candles of bees wax were at one time required by the Roman Catholic Church as the exclusive and only candles. The bees were brought to Puerto Rico by the church and the early priests and conquistadors. These same bees although dwarfed in comparison to the original bees are still habiting the island today. Today bee's wax is sometimes used in Automobile waxes but normally it is most used in furniture wax and polishes. You can make your own wax very easily, my ancestors did on the plantation on Cape Cod. First you need a couple of pots to boil in and a pot of hot water. Liquid Beeswax furniture polish is simple, use one quarter cup of ivory soap, one quarter pound of beeswax, 1 cup of turpentine and half a cup of water. Dissolve the soap in hot water, put the shaved wax into the turpentine and then slowly melt together, then pour the soap mixture into the mix and stir with a wooden spoon, once well stirred pour it into a glass jar and you have it, very easy. Bees wax cream furniture polish which can also be used on cars with lessened amount of turpentine is made by using and mixing quarter lb of beeswax, 2 cups of turpentine, quarter cup of liquid Ivory soap, 1 cup of warm to boiling water and quarter cup of pine oil. The only difference it you have to make sure all the beeswax is dissolved first and cool then mix it into the warm soapy water until it congeals and then reheat together and dissolve. If you reduce the turpentine content you can use it on your car too. It goes on smooth and it works good. Although, I am partial to Carnauba wax for cars for it's ease of use, but from a realistic standpoint of protection the carnauba only lasts three months while the beeswax melt might last slightly longer.

For solid beeswax furniture polish, which is preferred by the antique dealers we met on the back roads of NH, VT and Maine, all you do is use equal amounts of linseed oil, beeswax and turpentine. The finished product is golden brown and see through and looks rich in content. Now you have smelled lemon oil in furniture polish, which can easily be added to the boiling water during the process. There are many good waxes to use on cars that you would not put on surf boards, furniture or statues. Wax is found in the human ear also. There are two different types and your genetics dictate which one you have. Most plants have a thin protective coating of wax also. Most fruit and citrus trees and vegetables plants have wax on the fruit, leaves and vegetables they produce that we eat. Waxes are also produced by animals and also some fish. Other wax components are found in minerals and petroleum products and distillates. There are Polymer or synthetic, manufactured by man into various types of waxes. We get waxes from a variety of sources really.

The Carnauba we discussed is a preferred wax by many detailers. Carnauba wax is on the leaves of the carnauba palm trees. The best Carnauba wax comes from in my opinion the Palm Trees of Brazil. You can tell a good carnauba wax by the water beads up as you see when you detail your car. Candelilla wax comes from a plant that grows in parts of Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Guatemala and sometimes in the southwestern United States. It is a brown wax and not only have people used it on cars it is used in phonograph records, floor dressings, and candles. Although it is the major component of candle wax, it is mixed in with other waxes normally in the candles we use in our homes.

Polymer wax includes the very popular Teflon, yes a polymer brand Name used by Dupont. Polymer wax is a chain of compounds made of petroleum sources and now a days from Corn products. Polymers, which are strung together are generally applied in specific thick nesses to clear coats on cars and depending on the mixture can be quite incredible indeed. So good in fact that they are often called sealants and some last as long as a year when applied in the right mixtures and thick nesses. The word Polymer is a very vague in this regard since polymers are used to make plastics, coatings and many other products.

Generally short chains of ethlenic polymers are the type that are used by professional automotive detailers and auto detailers a like. Many in the aviation industry use it when doing specialized aircraft cleaning. We estimate that 80% of all automotive detailing and aviation aircraft cleaning commercial wax is petroleum based wax. Petroleum wax is chemically inactive in a sense and probably why it is so widely preferred. It is also cheaper to make than to harvest and has tons of uses. You cannot smell it unless cleaners are added which is often the case, but still it will not react to cause odor.

Bayberry wax, which comes from the berries the shrub with that name is also used in candle making. How is this produced? From bees, the same wax in making hives. Bee's wax, is used for many things which are common to man; things such as candles, polishes, cosmetics (mostly make-up) crayons, flowers (artificial kind). Bee's Wax is another wax that yes you can use it on your car and it is hard to spread and it will give off a great shine. The problem is gathers dust too quick, but it does look cool.

Wool wax from animals is also common to man. Lanolin, it is called, after purification is used in soaps in the industry, and also cosmetics as well as certain ointments for first aid and which doctor stuff. Petroleum wax can also be made hard and then we get a new type of wax. Paraffin; used in paper products (cups, paper plates), graffiti, and petroleum jelly. All Synthetic waxes are compounds of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, and/or chlorine. Chemists will forever be trying to make the perfect wax for cars, boats, Aircraft to protect us from the harsh climates on the surface of this little blue planet.

And these chemists are driven by desire and need and the possibilities are endless as new compounds are adding to existing ones to bring up whole new blending ideas, some will revolutionize our industry but most will simply be duds. Some will be hyped even though they do not really solve a problem or fix a need. Never the less, the race goes on to find the best and we should be thinking about what is in that product before we put it on a customers car, boat, aircraft or prize possession. This is what the professional detailer does, this is why we are experts in car care and call ourselves auto detailers, rejuvenation specialists and professional auto detailers.

There are so many types of waxes that we know of really. From the organic waxes discussed containing carbon materials, which melt at fairly low temperatures. The chemical and biological make-up of waxes is so diverse and complex as well as consideration for grades, properties, surface uses and life spans that to really understand waxes in depth, but I hope this has cleared up some of the complex issues concerning wax, how it is made and where it comes from.

"Lance Winslow" - If you have innovative thoughts and unique perspectives, come think with Lance; www.WorldThinkTank.net/wttbbs


MORE RESOURCES:
Column: Report Details 'Monumental' Assault on Science at Department of the Interior  Valley News

Among the up-is-down, night-is-day practices of the Trump administration, one of the most dangerous and disturbing is its habit of turning America's leading ...


'Planetary emergency:' After 30 years, leaders are still fighting about basic truths of climate science  CNN

Hidden in the 133-page document agreed upon at the UN climate change talks was a compromise that many consider an infuriating distraction. The countries of ...


Hooked on Science - Erupting Foam  WPSD Local 6

Watch as our "Science Guy" Jason Lindsey and a kid scientist engineer an amazing erupting foam sculpture.


3D nanofabrication by volumetric deposition and controlled shrinkage of patterned scaffolds  Science Magazine

Although a range of materials can now be fabricated using additive manufacturing techniques, these usually involve assembly of a series of stacked layers, ...


Human brain samples yield a genomic trove  Science Magazine

More than 2000 human brains stored in tissue banks are giving up their genetic secrets. Genome scans have already revealed hundreds of locations where ...


Wake-up call from Hong Kong  Science Magazine

The Second International Summit on Human Genome Editing, held in Hong Kong last month, was rocked by the revelation from a researcher from Shenzhen that ...


Science and mince pies don’t make a good Christmas cocktail  The Guardian

The blindingly obvious findings of a study of festive weight gain concealed a rather depressing fact.


Oh my: a psychological approach to awe – Science Weekly podcast  The Guardian

Nicola Davis asks what's behind one of humanity's most powerful and possibly evolutionarily important emotions.


Love Science, Space and Physics? This Holiday Gift Guide Is For You  Forbes

The Pillars of Creation in the Eagle Nebula are some of the most famous, and most spectacular, dusty regions of a star-forming nebula ever captured by any ...


Genome-wide de novo risk score implicates promoter variation in autism spectrum disorder  Science Magazine

Structured Abstract. INTRODUCTION. The DNA of protein-coding genes is transcribed into mRNA, which is translated into proteins. The “coding genome” ...


Robotics brought to Youngstown library to promote science and technology  WKBN.com

YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio (WKBN) - Kids came out to the Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning Valley in Youngstown on Sunday to test out an assortment of ...


Our reporter was a data point in a study of scientific careers. She and others have questions  Science Magazine

It's not every day that you realize you're a data point in a scientific study—and a misrepresented data point at that. But that's what happened to a number of ...


Alzheimer's disease: The right drug, the right time  Science Magazine

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-associated neurodegenerative disease that is reaching epidemic proportions as a result of the aging of the world's ...


EPA to pursue final 'science transparency' rule in 2019 | TheHill  The Hill

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) plans to pursue next year a final version of its much-criticized rule that would restrict the scientific studies it can use ...


Observation of the geometric phase effect in the H + HD → H2 + D reaction  Science Magazine

During chemical reactions, electrons usually rearrange more quickly than nuclei. Thus, theorists often adopt an adiabatic framework that considers vibrational ...


STEM Profile: Toni Newsome finds science in Licking County  The Newark Advocate

Toni Elwell Newsome grew up in Granville, never dreaming she'd one day work at the nearby Owens Corning Science & Technology Center.


Mars lander takes a selfie  Science Magazine

After painstakingly swiveling the camera mounted on its robotic arm for a week, NASA's InSight spacecraft, which landed last month on Mars, has completed its ...


Multiproxy evidence highlights a complex evolutionary legacy of maize in South America  Science Magazine

Maize originated in what is now central Mexico about 9000 years ago and spread throughout the Americas before European contact. Kistler et al. applied ...


Why Scientists Are Talking About Attribution Science And What It Is  NPR

As negotiators struggle to hammer out the rule book for a global climate agreement, scientists meeting in Washington, D.C., have yet more evidence linking ...


Science photos of the year  Science Magazine

Our Science Visuals team reviewed the most striking photographs we published this year. Here are the ones that moved us the most: Previous. Iguazu Falls.


What Science Was Actually Done on the Moon? | Apollo  Seeker

About nine months after Apollo 13, NASA was headed back to the Moon. Apollo 14 was en route to the Fra Mauro formation - a ridged region that was believed ...


A New Year message from the edge of the solar system  The Guardian

On 1 January 2019 the New Horizons probe will begin transmitting data from Ultima Thule, 4bn miles from Earth in the Kuiper belt. What will it find?


Evolution of a highly active and enantiospecific metalloenzyme from short peptides  Science Magazine

Metal-bound peptides can catalyze simple reactions such as ester hydrolysis and may have been the starting point for the evolution of modern enzymes. Studer ...


The End of DACA Would Be a Blow to Science  Scientific American

On November 5, the eve of midterm elections, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a motion to end Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), bypassing ...


Scientists are blowing up big batches of homemade lava. Here's why.  NBC News

Scientists at the University at Buffalo are mixing homemade lava with water to understand how volcanic eruptions generate explosive “lava bombs."


Dog research at U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs gets formal review  Science Magazine

Dog research at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is going under the microscope. Yesterday, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and ...


A gamma-ray determination of the Universe's star formation history  Science Magazine

How many stars have formed in the Universe, and when did they do so? These fundamental questions are difficult to answer because there are systematic ...


Bible is not good history, science  Bloomington Pantagraph

In John Gramm's recent letter he stated that the Bible was the answer to all problems. He assumes the Bible to be absolutely true, or inerrant. Yet, McKinsey's ...


This 8000-year-old 'gum' holds surprises about ancient toolmakers  Science Magazine

Gum won't really sit in your stomach for years, but it can preserve human DNA for millennia. Researchers have uncovered genetic material encased within ...


Gold Coast researcher appointed to peak Australian science body  Gold Coast Bulletin

A GOLD Coast researcher has been named as one of six scientists appointed to Australias peak body for sciences.


Updated: NIH says cancer study also hit by fetal tissue ban  Science Magazine

*Update, 13 December, 11:45 a.m.: A third laboratory at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is also affected by the agency's temporary ban on acquiring new ...


Scientists uncover massive, diverse ecosystem deep beneath Earth's surface  Science Magazine

To survive in the hostile underworld deep beneath Earth's surface, organisms must be hardy enough to take on extreme pressure, blistering heat, a complete ...


Stephen Hawking remembered by Bernard Carr | Science  The Guardian

8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018. The physicist's former research student recalls their close relationship at Cambridge, the sheer might of his intellect, and how ...


At arm's length  Science Magazine

A few years ago, scientists funded by the Wellcome Trust, one of the world's wealthiest private philanthropies, published sobering findings about the deadly ...


Top stories: Ebola outbreak challenges, Viking cats, and a new kind of placebo  Science Magazine

Concerns about an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo that surfaced in August are growing. Although communities seem to be responding ...


Professor Hanington's Speaking of Science: The day the US Patent Office burned to the ground  Elko Daily Free Press

The United States Patent Office is a government agency that issues patents to inventors and businesses to guard their designs from being copied by competitors, ...


Scientists overhaul corn domestication story with multidisciplinary analysis  Science Daily

Scientists are revising the history of one of the world's most important crops. Drawing on genetic and archaeological evidence, researchers have found that a ...


Prolonged milk provisioning in a jumping spider  Science Magazine

Mammals produce milk to feed their offspring, and maternal care often continues well after the young can forage for themselves. Though other cases of milk-like ...


A general reinforcement learning algorithm that masters chess, shogi, and Go through self-play  Science Magazine

Computers can beat humans at increasingly complex games, including chess and Go. However, these programs are typically constructed for a particular game, ...


Half-Size, Ruffle-Headed Relative of Triceratops Discovered  Live Science

If head frills were a fashion statement, a newly identified 73-million-year-old triceratops relative was certainly at the top of its game. The newfound dinosaur ...


Just thinking you have poor endurance genes changes your body  Science Magazine

If you want to win a race or stick to a difficult diet, coaches of all kinds will tell you it's all about “mind over matter.” But that advice rarely crosses over into the ...


The science of “vibes” shows how everything is connected  Quartz

Scientists are finding that vibrations seem to play a critical role in human consciousness, and indeed in the existence of all things.


Books for budding scientists  Science Magazine

From audacious space missions and quantum physics to clean cookstoves and coral nurseries, this year's finalists for the AAAS/Subaru SB&F Prizes for ...


A mechanistic classification of clinical phenotypes in neuroblastoma  Science Magazine

Neuroblastomas—the most common tumor type in infants—develop from fetal nerve cells, and their clinical course is highly variable. Some neuroblastomas are ...


Nasa's Juno probe films Jupiter's storms – video | Science  The Guardian

Nasa's Juno craft has captured the chaotic weather systems on Jupiter as well as taken new measurements that will help to build a map of the planet's interior.


Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms  The Guardian

Global team of scientists find ecosystem below earth that is twice the size of world's oceans.


Ancient bird fossils have 'the weirdest feathers I have ever seen'  Science Magazine

One hundred million years ago, the sky was filled with birds unlike those seen today, many with long, streamerlike tail feathers. Now, paleontologists have found ...


Spider moms spotted nursing their offspring with milk  Science Magazine

On a summer night in 2017, Chen Zhanqi made a curious find in his lab in China's Yunnan province. In an artificial nest, he spotted a juvenile jumping spider ...


Temperature-dependent hypoxia explains biogeography and severity of end-Permian marine mass extinction  Science Magazine

Though our current extinction crisis is substantial, it pales in comparison to the largest extinction in Earth's history, which occurred at the end of the Permian ...


The earliest human occupation of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau 40 thousand to 30 thousand years ago  Science Magazine

Human colonization of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau has generally been thought to have been confined to the past few thousand years of the Holocene.


Animals and the zoogeochemistry of the carbon cycle  Science Magazine

Flux across the carbon cycle is generally characterized by contributions from plants, microbes, and abiotic systems. Animals, however, move vast amounts of ...


NASA's Juno Mission Halfway to Jupiter Science  Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Upcoming 16th science pass of Jupiter marks Juno's halfway point in prime mission data collection.


Open-source discovery of chemical leads for next-generation chemoprotective antimalarials  Science Magazine

Malaria parasites are evolutionarily prepared to resist drug attack. Resistance is emerging to even the latest frontline combination therapies, which target the ...


New study says scientists are leaving academic work at unprecedented rates  Inside Higher Ed

The “half-life” of academic scientists has shortened dramatically over time, says a new paper calling attention to the “rise of the temporary workforce.” Following ...


EPA science adviser allowed industry group to edit journal article  Science Magazine

Risk analyst Tony Cox invited oil industry funder to review his work.


Neurosurgery could spread protein linked to Alzheimer's, study finds  The Guardian

Surgical instruments used in brain operations should be treated to ensure they are not contaminated with proteins linked to Alzheimer's disease, according to ...


Sleepmore in Seattle: Later school start times are associated with more sleep and better performance in high school students  Science Advances

Most teenagers are chronically sleep deprived. One strategy proposed to lengthen adolescent sleep is to delay secondary school start times. This would allow ...


The science of giving gifts loved ones won't return  Toronto Sun

By Kathleen D. VohsTrying to find an ideal gift for a friend or family member, or at least something that won't end up in the trash, is a perennial source of ...


After last week's shock, scientists scramble to prevent more gene-edited babies  Science Magazine

Few seemed more surprised by the tide of outrage unleashed by the claim that the first gene-edited babies had been created with the revolutionary lab tool ...


Printing nanomaterials in shrinking gels  Science Magazine

The creation of nanoscale electronics, photonics, plasmonics, and mechanically robust metamaterials will benefit from nanofabrication processes that allow a ...


Scientists maximize the effectiveness of platinum in fuel cells  Science Daily

Scientists have identified a new catalyst that uses only about a quarter as much platinum as current technology by maximizing the effectiveness of the available ...


Semiconducting polymer blends that exhibit stable charge transport at high temperatures  Science Magazine

Charge carriers move through semiconductor polymers by hopping transport. In principle, these polymers should be more conductive at higher temperatures.


7 Foods That Can Improve Your Gut Health, According To Science  Bustle

One of the least understood keys to our health may be the gut microbiome, that complicated mix of bacteria that lives in your digestive system. Researchers know ...


These are our favorite science books of 2018  Science News

From tales about whales to enthralling scientific histories and the memoir of a frustrated astrophysicist, 2018 was a banner year for science books. Here are ...


United States should prepare to build a prototype fusion power plant, panel says  Science Magazine

Just in time for the holidays, a panel of leading scientists has presented a plan for nuclear fusion research in the United States that reads like a wish list.


The Science of Growing a Perfect Christmas Tree  WIRED

Is your tree robust to cold? Do its needles cling to their branches? Christmas tree scientists ask these questions so we don't have to.


Viking cat skeletons reveal a surprising growth in the size of felines over time  Science Magazine

Many animals shrink when they become domesticated—the average dog is about 25% smaller than its wild cousin the gray wolf, for example—but a curious ...


She gave her body to science. Her corpse became immortal.  National Geographic

Susan Potter's remains were frozen, sliced, and photographed. The result: a virtual cadaver that speaks to medical students from the grave.


Does listening to music really help you to fall asleep?  ABC News

Lullabies have been around for thousands of years, but what does science say about the connection between music and sleep?


CRISPR bombshell: Chinese researcher claims to have created gene-edited twins  Science Magazine

HONG KONG, CHINA—On the eve of an international summit here on genome editing, a Chinese researcher has shocked many by claiming to have altered the ...


'Scary' warming at poles is worrying scientists  Fox News

WASHINGTON (AP) — Scientists are seeing surprising melting in Earth's polar regions at times they don't expect, like winter, and in places they don't expect, like ...


The Reunion: a new science-fiction story about surveillance in China  MIT Technology Review

Technology is making people unhinged and violent. Can an algorithm stop them?


Uncertainty boosts Brexit jitters for U.K. scientists  Science Magazine

U.K. scientists dreading the country's impending departure from the European Union, known as Brexit, now face possible outcomes ranging from undesirable to ...


Social network plasticity decreases disease transmission in a eusocial insect  Science Magazine

When we get a cold and then stay home from work, we are not only taking care of ourselves but also protecting others. Such changes in behavior after infection ...


Now science can speak your lingo  Bangalore Mirror

The occasion was the second edition of The Jigyasa Project, which aims to communicate scientific and technological knowledge to the common man in their ...


The finalists are in: Vote for the 2018 People's Choice for Breakthrough of the Year!  Science Magazine

*Update, 13 December, 12 a.m.: Voting has closed. Check back on 20 December to see your winner, along with Science's choice for the 2018 Breakthrough of ...


Trump doesn’t want the public to know what government scientists are doing  The Washington Post

The U.S. government employs what may be the most talented and accomplished scientific workforce on the planet. More than 60,000 scientists across 20-plus ...


The Best Science Books Of 2018  Science Friday

Here at Science Friday, our jobs involve reading a lot of science books every year. We have piles and piles of them at the office. Hundreds of titles about biology ...


‘Enough Is Enough’: Science, Too, Has a Problem With Harassment  The New York Times

Many women in science thought that meritocracy was the antidote to sexism. Now some have decided on a more direct approach.


The shoddy junk science of climate change deniers  Cyprus Mail

It is no use arguing with the anthropogenic global warming/climate change sceptics represented in previous Sunday Mail letters' page writers such as “Douglas” ...


Biologists turn eavesdropping viruses into bacterial assassins: How cross-kingdom communication led to a breakthrough phage therapy  Science Daily

Researchers have found a bacteria-killing virus that can listen in on bacterial conversations -- and then they made it attack diseases including salmonella, E. coli ...


Strongest evidence of early humans butchering animals discovered in North Africa  Science Magazine

Discovery suggests some of the world's first stone tools spread across Africa much earlier than expected.


We Have Ways To Stop Rogue Scientists. They Don’t Always Work.  FiveThirtyEight

How do you stop a mad scientist? We've been doing it in fiction for centuries. Doctor Faustus was carried off to hell. Pneumonia and an Arctic ice flow ended Vi…


The science of giving gifts your loved ones won’t want to return  The Washington Post

Trying to find an ideal gift for a friend or family member, or at least something that won't end up in the trash, is a perennial source of pre-holiday anxiety.


Trump's nominee for USDA science post calls new U.S. climate report 'genuine'  Science Magazine

The entomologist nominated to be the chief scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Washington, D.C., said today he accepts the conclusions of ...


China sets out for the far side of the moon  Science Magazine

SHANGHAI, CHINA—China's ambitious program of lunar exploration is about to attempt a spacefaring first: On 8 December it will launch a probe intended to ...


Report that NIH will cancel fetal tissue research contract fuels controversy  Science Magazine

Federal officials deny they have pulled funding from university lab.


Is it time for a universal genetic forensic database?  Science Magazine

DNA is an increasingly useful crime-solving tool. But still quite unclear is the extent to which law enforcement should be able to obtain genetic data housed in ...


Google's DeepMind aces protein folding  Science Magazine

Turns out mastering chess and Go was just for starters. On 2 December, the Google-owned artificial intelligence firm DeepMind took top honors in the 13th ...


'Both things are true': Science, Indigenous wisdom seek common ground  CBC.ca

Reconciliation between Canada and First Nations is playing out not only in legislatures and courtrooms but in labs across the country.


Trump science adviser casts doubt on links between pollution and health problems  The Guardian

Comments by science review board chairman add weight to fears that Trump administration is aiming to discredit research to justify scrapping regulations.


Flawed analyses of U.S. auto fuel economy standards  Science Magazine

Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for passenger vehicles and light trucks have long been a ...


Scientists say controversial plan to cool the planet is doable  NBC News

Researchers are examining whether stratospheric aerosol injection (also known as solar dimming) could help slow global warming and fight climate change.


Cannibalism? Nope, This 8,000-Year-Old Man Was Likely Burned in a Ritual  Live Science

The shattered skull of a hunter who lived about 8,000 years ago isn't evidence of cannibalism, as scientists previously thought. Rather, the hunter died in a grisly ...


Woman who allowed body to be chopped into 27,000 pieces for science is now a 'living cadaver'  9News.com KUSA

A National Geographic profile details how a woman who wanted to donate her body to science is now a 'living cadaver' for medical students -- and will be for ...


NASA lander survives harrowing descent to surface of Mars  Science Magazine

Update: NASA's InSight spacecraft survived its descent through the thin atmosphere of Mars and successfully landed on the planet's surface today. Although ...


Looming Parliament vote boosts Brexit jitters for U.K. scientists  Science Magazine

U.K. scientists dreading the country's impending departure from the European Union, known as Brexit, now face possible outcomes ranging from undesirable to ...


Spider silk is five times stronger than steel—now, scientists know why  Science Magazine

The next time you brush aside a spiderweb, you might want to meditate on its delicate strength—if human-size, it would be tough enough to snag a jetliner. Now ...


Fast track to the neocortex: A memory engram in the posterior parietal cortex  Science Magazine

How fast do learning-induced anatomical changes occur in the brain? The traditional view postulates that neocortical memory representations reflect ...


A co-worker's rudeness can affect your sleep -- and your partner's  Science Daily

A new study found workplace incivilities has the potential to not only negatively affect an employee's sleep but their partner's as well.


home | site map | Xray Photography
© 2006