Science Information

Memory Research Misses the Obvious


The search to reveal a mystery.

Research laboratories around the world sought the location of human memory. The research had followed diverse leads. One clue related to the branched inputs of nerve cells, called dendrites. Branch growth was assisted by a protein called cypin. Some memory disabilities were related to deficits in cypin. So, one possibility was that nerve cells grew new branches to store memory. New branches could represent added memory. But, human memory was immense. People were reported to be able to recognize, with 99.5% accuracy, any one of 2,500 images shown to them at one second intervals. Each of those images contained millions of pixels of specific information. When the size and scale of human memory was considered, the idea of branches, however microscopic, growing to add memories sounded perilously cancerous.

More hints.

LTP was another possibility. High frequency stimulation of the dendrites of a neuron were known to improve the sensitivity of the synaptic nerve junctions. Such activity was seen to be "remembered" by the cell through greater sensitivity at specific inputs. Neurochemicals at the synaptic junctions were also known to increase such sensitivity. But, while the process enhanced memory, LTP failed to offer a global hypothesis about how memory could be stored.

Without answers.

The hippocampus was also mentioned in connection with memory research. Damage to this organ, a component of a region of the brain called the limbic system, was known to cause patients to forget ongoing events within a few seconds. But, incidents from childhood and early adult life were still remembered. Memory had faded from a couple of years prior to the event that caused damage to the hippocampus. Older memories were still retained by the patient even without the hippocampus. Evidently, the organ did not store such memories. It could play a role, but the actual storage of memory remained enigmatic. In the end, all science did know was that memory resided all over the system and that one particular organ helped the formation of memories.

Combinatorial coding.

Yet, the answer to the memory enigma had been staring them in the face for years. That happened, when science acknowledged the use of combinatorial coding by nerve cells in the olfactory system. Combinatorial coding sounded confusing and complex. But, in the context of nerve cells, combinatorial coding only meant that a nerve cell recognized combinations. If a nerve cell had dendritic inputs, identified as A, B, C and so on to Z, it could then fire, when it received inputs at ABD, ABP, or XYZ. It recognized those combinations. ABD, ABP, or XYZ. The cell could identify ABD from ABP. Subtle differences. Such codes were extensively used by nature. The four "letters" in the genetic code - A, C, G and T - were used in combinations for the creation of a nearly infinite number of genetic sequences.

Highly developed skill.

It was combinatorial coding, which enabled nerve cells of reptilian nosebrains to recognize smells and make crucial life decisions since the beginnings of history. Such sensory power had been developed in animals to a remarkable degree. Research showed that dogs could register the parameters of a smell and then pick it out from millions of competing smells. The animals could detect a human scent on a glass slide that had been lightly fingerprinted and left outdoors for as much as two weeks. They could quickly sniff a few footprints of a person and determine accurately which way the person was walking. The animal's nose could detect the relative odor strength difference between footprints only a few feet apart, to determine the direction of a trail. Recording and recognizing ABD and DEF enabled animals to record and recall a single smell to differentiate it from millions of other smells. Inherited memories of millions of smells decided whether food was edible, or inedible, or whether a spoor was life threatening. The system had both newly recorded and inherited memories, which enabled them to recognize smells in the environment.

Inherited and acquired memories.

While such remarkable odor recognition skills were known for ages, it was only in the late nineties that science discovered combinatorial coding. A Nobel Prize was awarded for the discovery of the use combinatorial coding by the olfactory system in 2004. The olfactory system used the coding to enable a relatively small number of olfactory receptors to recognize different odors. Science discovered that particular combinations could fire to trigger recognition. In the experiment scientists reported that even slight changes in chemical structure activated different combinations of receptors. Thus, octanol smelled like oranges, but the similar compound octanoic acid smelled like sweat. We remembered the smell of oranges. Even the smell of sweat. Which meant that the system remembered those combinations. But science failed to recognize the true significance of combinatorial coding when they searched for the location of human memory. Millions of combinations were possible for the nerve cell with inputs from A to Z. But nerve cells had thousands of inputs. If nerve cells remembered combinations, then that could be the location of a galactic nervous system memory.

Global applications.

Combinatorial coding could provide immense intelligence to the nervous system. The wonder of nature was the enormous scale, scope and sensitivity of its reporting systems. The mind had this vast army of scouts, reporting back on millions of tiny sensations - the heat of sun and the hardness of rock. Pain on the skin too was a report. When their impulses were received in the cortex, you felt pain. In the earlier example, with combinatorial coding, a cell could fire for ABD and be inhibited for ABP. If the pain reporting nerve cell recognized inputs from its neighbours, it could also respond to neighbouring pain and fire to report sympathetic pain. It could respond to touch and inhibit its own sympathetic pain message. The cell could respond to context.

Pattern recognition.

Nerve cells didn't receive just a few inputs. They received thousands. So, pain could be sensitive to context. Inherited memories in combinatorial codes could enable the system to recognize and respond to patterns in context. Combinatorial coding could explain the mind as a pattern recognition engine. But science worked on the assumption that the neurons in the brain did not recognize, but did computations. The search for a mathematical formula which could simulate the computations of the mind goes on. But, if you assumed pattern recognition, you just stepped out of the mathematical maze. Unfortunately, the recognition of patterns was too formidable a task for computers. The diagnosis of diseases was a typical pattern recognition problem.

The pattern recognition difficulty.

The obstacle was that many shared symptoms were presented by different diseases. Pain, or fever were present for many diseases. Each symptom pointed to several diseases. In the customary search, the first selected disease with the first presented symptom could lack the second symptom. So the back and forth searches followed an exponentially expanding trajectory as the database increased in size. That made the process absurdly long drawn - theoretically, even years, when searching extensive databases. In the light of such an impregnable problem, science did not evaluate pattern recognition as a practical process for the nervous system.

An instant pattern recognition process.

There is an Intuitive Algorithm (IA), which follows a logical process to achieve real time pattern recognition. IA was unique. In a feat never achieved by computers before, IA could almost instantly diagnose diseases. IA used elimination to narrow down possibilities to reach the correct answer. In essence, IA did not calculate, but used elimination to recognize patterns. IA acted with the speed of a simple recalculation on a spreadsheet, to recognize a disease, identify a case law or diagnose the problems of a complex machine. It did this holistically and almost instantly, through simple, logical steps. IA proved that holistic, instant, real time pattern recognition was practical. IA provided a clue to the secret of intuition. The website intuition.co.in and the book explain IA in detail.

Seamless pattern recognition.

The mind was a recognition machine, which instantly recognized the context of its ever changing environment. The system triggered feelings when particular classes of events were recognized. The process was achieved by inherited nerve cell memories accumulated across millions of years. The memories enabled the mind to recognized events. Similar inherited memories in nerve cells enabled the mind to trigger feelings, when events were recognized. And further cell memories caused feelings to trigger actions. Actions were sequences of muscle movements. Even drive sequences could be remembered by nerve cells. That was how we were driven. So the circuit closed. Half a second for a 100 billion nerve cells to use context to eliminate irrelevance and deliver motor output. The time between the shadow and the scream. So, from input to output, the mind was a seamless pattern recognition machine.

Intuition and memory.

Walter Freeman the famous neurobiologist defined the critical difficulty for science in understanding the mind. "The cognitive guys think it's just impossible to keep throwing everything you've got into the computation every time. But, that is exactly what the brain does. Consciousness is about bringing your entire history to bear on your next step, your next breath, your next moment." The mind was holistic. It evaluated all its knowledge for the next activity. However large its database, the logic of IA could yield instant pattern recognition. Since that logic was robust and practical, intuition could also be such an instant pattern recognition process. Intuition could then power the mind to instantly recognize an infinite variety of objects and events to trigger motor responses. Each living moment, it could evaluate the context of a dynamic multi-sensory world and its own vast memories. Those memories could be stored in the combinatorial codes of nerve cells.

Abraham Thomas is the author of The Intuitive Algorithm, a book, which suggests that intuition is a pattern recognition algorithm. This leads to an understanding of the powerful forces that control your mind. The ebook version is available at http://www.intuition.co.in. The book may be purchased only in India. The website, provides a free movie and a walk through to explain the ideas.


MORE RESOURCES:
Researchers spy signs of slavery from space  Science Magazine

Doreen Boyd remembers the first time she saw a hint of slavery from space. A satellite image from 2017 of Rajasthan state in India showed a brown oval that ...


Ancient humans hunted monkeys for tens of thousands of years  Science Magazine

If you picture early humans dining, you likely imagine them sitting down to a barbecue of mammoth, aurochs, and giant elk meat. But in the rainforests of Sri ...


Trump Science Adviser Stresses the Benefits of Private Research Funding  GovExec.com

After weeks of low visibility, the White House science adviser, who reported for work in January in the midst of the government shutdown, last week delivered his ...


Neutron Stars and Other "Outrageous" Objects and Adventures in Science  Scientific American

“The most outrageous object that most people have never heard of,” as one scientist calls it, is the subject of our cover story—and, to my mind at least, such ...


Nearly half of US female scientists leave full-time science after first child  Nature.com

Research puts a number on the proportion of people leaving full-time careers in science after the birth of their first child.


Ultraviolet light could provide a powerful new source of green fuel  Science Magazine

Methanol—a colorless liquid that can be made from agricultural waste—has long been touted as a green alternative to fossil fuels. But it's toxic and only has half ...


What Teachers Need To Know About The Science Of Learning--And What They Don't  Forbes

Lately there's been a push to acquaint educators with “the science of learning.” But only some aspects of that science actually help teachers do their jobs. Others ...


Depression: Can depression be reversed? Scientists investigate new treatment  Express.co.uk

DEPRESSION could be reversed in people, according to recent research conducted by leading scientists, and certain symptoms of the sometimes debilitating ...


Why sparks fly when you microwave grapes  Science Magazine

Physicists burned out 12 microwaves putting this trick to the test.


How secret, late-night experiments transformed two scientists into master cartoonists  Science Magazine

WASHINGTON, D.C.—Five years ago, two scientists in two labs separated by thousands of kilometers started to stay late and work weekends to conduct secret ...


Teach Science Process over Findings  Scientific American

Seismologist and policy advisor Lucy Jones says science education needs to teach how science works more than just what it finds out. Full Transcript. “I think we ...


Open Science, Open Source and R  Linux Journal

Free software will save psychology from the Replication Crisis. "Study reveals that a lot of psychology research really is just 'psycho-babble'".—The Independent ...


Plastics reach remote pristine environments, scientists say  The Guardian

Scientists have warned about the impact of plastic pollution in the most pristine corners of the world after discovering chemical additives in birds' eggs in the ...


Japan Just Shot a Fake Asteroid with a Space Bullet … for Science  Space.com

JAXA is preparing to sample an asteroid called Ryugu with the agency's Hayabusa2 spacecraft — so the team practiced on Earth first.


Erin Matts Becomes CEO Of Hearts & Science  AdExchanger

Another executive with a data and technology background is taking a big leadership role at Omnicom. Erin Matts, former North American CEO of Annalect, was ...


Sloan Foundation taps 19 UC faculty as rising stars in science  University of California

UC leads colleges and universities in the number of recipients of this year's distinguished annual award.


California students may not be ready for new science test  EdSource

Next month California students will start to be tested on the state's new science standards for the first time, but with little instruction in the subject in elementary ...


Explora host 'The Science of Beer'  KRQE News 13

Explora is hostnig a special event called the Science of Beer. Beer is an important economic driver in our city and state, and it's a tasty beverage.


'Making this up:' Study says oilsands assessments marred by weak science  News Talk 650 CKOM

EDMONTON — Dozens of oilsands environmental impact studies are marred by inconsistent science that's rarely subjected to independent checks, says a ...


Nuclear Museum to host 'Science is Everywhere' Spring Day camp  KRQE News 13

The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History tells the story of the Atomic Age, from early development to today's peaceful uses.


Study blames YouTube for rise in number of Flat Earthers  The Guardian

Researchers believe they have identified the prime driver for a startling rise in the number of people who think the Earth is flat: Google's video-sharing site, ...


Statistician: Machine Learning Is Causing A "Crisis in Science"  Futurism

A statistician is warning that scientists are leaning on machine learning algorithms to find patterns in data where none exist.


Quarrying of Stonehenge 'bluestones' dated to 3000 BC  Science Daily

Excavations at two quarries in Wales, known to be the source of the Stonehenge 'bluestones', provide new evidence of megalith quarrying 5000 years ago.


Video: Almost 50 exhibitors showcase jobs at UCD Ag-Science Careers Day  Agriland

The UCD Agriculture, Food Science and Human Nutrition Careers Day 2019 took place on campus today (Tuesday, February 19). According to the event ...


On Itchiness in Science Writing  Scientific American

Over the years that I've written pieces here at Scientific American I've only very occasionally talked about the process of writing about science, since there have ...


To Maintain Trust in Science, Lose the Peer Review  Medscape

In response to an outcry from top journal editors about the loss of trust in medicine, Mazer and Mandrola suggest ditching peer review and inviting nonscientists ...


7 ways that Imperial is fusing science and fashion | Imperial News  Imperial College London

LONDON FASHION WEEK - With London Fashion Week in full swing, we take a look at how Imperial is using science to invent the fashion of the future.


Solar tadpole-like jets seen with NASA'S IRIS add new clue to age-old mystery  Science Daily

Scientists have discovered tadpole-shaped jets coming out of the Sun that may help explain why the corona (the wispy upper atmosphere of our star) is so ...


Research shows human trafficking screening tool effective in identifying victims  EurekAlert

HOUSTON - (Feb. 19, 2019) - A screening tool designed specifically to assess for human trafficking was more likely to identify sexual and labor exploitation of ...


Can Big Science Be Too Big?  The New York Times

A new study finds that small teams of researchers do more innovative work than large teams do.


Inferring Earth's discontinuous chemical layering from the 660-kilometer boundary topography  Science Magazine

The boundaries between rocks with different physical properties in Earth's interior come from either a change in crystal structure or a change in chemical ...


AAAS: Machine learning 'causing science crisis'  BBC News

Machine-learning techniques used by thousands of scientists to analyse data are producing results that are misleading and often completely wrong.


Reality check: Can cat poop cause mental illness?  Science Magazine

Science breaks down the evidence on the link between Toxoplasma gondii and mental illness.


Science at the Local: Music therapy for dementia and the Ebola virus  Blue Mountains Gazette

The popular community science series Science at the Local returns for their fifth year of free bimonthly talks on Sunday March 17, from 2.30pm at Springwood ...


Teen builds working nuclear fusion reactor in Memphis home  Fox News

Some kids spend their time on social media. Other kids spend their time playing video games. When it comes to 14-year-Jackson Oswalt, his time is spent in a ...


Rookies lead the way on House science panel  Science Magazine

A major perk of being the majority party in the U.S. Congress is getting to fill the leadership slots on every committee. For several new Democratic legislators, ...


UW-Eau Claire needs state funding for new science building  WQOW TV News 18

Eau Claire (WQOW)- More than 100 Chippewa Valley residents are headed to Madison on Wednesday to push for local priorities. The Chippewa Valley Alliance ...


Scientists Developed an AI So Advanced They Say It's Too Dangerous to Release  ScienceAlert

A group of computer scientists once backed by Elon Musk has caused some alarm by developing an advanced artificial intelligence (AI) they say is too ...


Double-negative-index ceramic aerogels for thermal superinsulation  Science Magazine

Aerogels hold promise as lightweight replacements for thermal insulation. However, poor mechanical stability has hampered progress in moving toward ...


The quest for quasicrystals is a physics adventure tale  Science News

In 'The Second Kind of Impossible,' physicist Paul Steinhardt recounts his journey to find quasicrystals in nature.


A no-deal Brexit would destroy UK science – and this is how  The Independent

Let us not pull punches here. UK science got hit the day after the Brexit vote and damage has continued, under the radar, for well over two years since that date.


Scientists figure out how click beetles jump without using legs  Sky News

Click beetles are an unusual insect species, capable of launching themselves from ground with more than eight times the acceleration of a space shuttle - and ...


Climate change: Death of the 'grandfather of climate science'  BBC News

Wallace Broecker, the US climate scientist who helped popularise the term "global warming" has died in New York at the age of 87. Prof Broecker was among ...


High-tide flooding disrupts local economic activity  Science Advances

Evaluation of observed sea level rise impacts to date has emphasized sea level extremes, such as those from tropical cyclones. Far less is known about the ...


Dinosaur BREAKTHROUGH: How scientists found 77-million-year-old Brachylophosaurus INTACT  Express.co.uk

Nate Murphy is a high-profile fossil hunter and former curator of palaeontology at the Phillips County Museum in Malta, US. In 2001, he uncovered a mummified ...


No strings attached: This levitating lamp uses science to defy gravity  Digital Trends

Created by Italian design studio idea3D, the Levia lamp is a cool industrial-looking lamp which boasts a levitating bulb. Looking for a table light that will dazzle ...


EXCLUSIVE: The first interview with Trump's new science adviser  Science Magazine

The new science adviser to President Donald Trump has studied the causes and effects of extreme weather for nearly 4 decades. But meteorologist Kelvin ...


How mindfulness meditation works — and changes the brain's architecture  ABC News

It's touted as a pain reliever, and a way to reduce anxiety and bolster cognitive performance, but mindfulness meditation also physically changes the brain.


How 18th-Century Writers Created the Genre of Popular Science  Smithsonian.com

French writers such as Voltaire and Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle helped shape the Enlightenment with stories of science.


Dynamic gating of infrared radiation in a textile  Science Magazine

Textiles trap infrared radiation, which helps keep us warm in cold weather. Of course, in hot weather, this is less desirable. Zhang et al. constructed an ...


Can Science Fiction Predict the Future of Technology?  JSTOR Daily

Science fiction isn't limited to predicting tech developments: It's more broadly concerned with imagining possible futures, or alternative presents.


Radar reveals a second potential impact crater under Greenland's ice  Science Magazine

Just months after revealing an impact crater the size of Washington, D.C., buried under the ice of northwestern Greenland, a team of scientists has discovered ...


Gene therapy could treat rare brain disorder in unborn babies  The Guardian

Doctors could use Crispr tool to inject benign virus into foetus's brain to 'switch on' key genes.


People can predict your tweets—even if you aren't on Twitter  Science Magazine

Companies have made billions of dollars by turning everything we say, do, and look at online into an experiment in consumer profiling. Recently, some users ...


Universe gets BIGGER as LOFAR telescope scientists discover 300,000 MORE galaxies  Express.co.uk

THE universe just got considerably bigger after astronomers discovered almost 300000 previously undetected galaxies.


Meet DeepSqueak, an algorithm built to decode ultrasonic rat squeaks  The Verge

Researchers built software that can automatically process ultrasonic rat squeaks. We invited a rat into our studio to test it out.


Star Trek–like replicator creates entire objects in minutes  Science Magazine

A Star Trek–like replicator has arrived, but don't expect it to synthesize a cup of Earl Grey tea (hot) on the spot. Researchers have come up with a new 3D ...


A free science factory is coming to WAFI  Time Out Dubai

Science is the coolest, and newest, type of edutainment to take over kiddie world, and WAFI will be hosting an interactive exhibition for families which will ...


Pixar Story: Learn about the science and technology of animated films at new OMSI exhibit  OregonLive

Starting Feb. 23, OMSI hosts “The Science Behind Pixar,” an exhibit about the science and technology of Pixar films.


In Roundup Case, the Science Will Go on Trial First  The Wall Street Journal

A federal judge in a Roundup cancer trial later this month has divided the case so jurors can focus first solely on the science and then, only if they find the ...


Political Incompetence and Questionable Science  American Thinker

How should we treat the political opponents of President Trump, who argue that Trump is Putin's puppet, and that he will be in prison no later than next Monday?


Pictionary-playing computer connects to humans' 'deep thoughts'  Science Magazine

For decades, scientists have sought to give computers common sense—a basic understanding of the world that lets humans navigate everything from ...


OpenAI: Social science, not just computer science, is critical for AI  VentureBeat

In a newly published paper, OpenAI suggests that social science holds the key to ensuring AI systems perform as intended.


Using neuroscience to develop artificial intelligence  Science Magazine

When the mathematician Alan Turing posed the question “Can machines think?” in the first line of his seminal 1950 paper that ushered in the quest for artificial ...


Measles cases have tripled in Europe, fueled by Ukrainian outbreak  Science Magazine

Measles cases more than tripled across Europe in 2018, and one country drove much of the surge: Ukraine. Nearly 83,000 cases of measles were reported in ...


Scientist behind CRISPR twins sharply criticized in government probe, loses job  Science Magazine

He Jiankui, the Chinese researcher who claimed to have edited the genomes of twin baby girls in a heritable way—and earned widespread condemnation for ...


The Confounding Climate Science of Lab-Grown Meat  WIRED

The assumption goes that lab-grown meat will drastically reduce emissions of beef production. But you know what they say about assumptions.


Mars' lake may need an underground volcano to exist  Science News

If Mars conceals a lake beneath its south polar ice cap, the planet must also have a hidden chamber of magma to keep the water liquid, a new analysis suggests.


This ant-inspired robot can navigate better than civilian GPS  Science Magazine

If you happen to be a robot, then you happen to have one very good way of getting home: GPS. But as every human driver knows, GPS isn't perfect. Now, a ...


Space magnet homes in on clue to dark matter  Science Magazine

A costly and controversial space-based cosmic ray detector has found possible signs of dark matter, the invisible stuff thought to supply most of the universe's ...


A 25% pay raise? That's not nearly enough, young Indian scientists say  Science Magazine

NEW DELHI—In response to months of protests and marches, the Indian government announced yesterday that it will give early-career scientists raises of up to ...


Why scientists say experiencing awe can help you live your best life  NBC News

Psychologists say the emotion of awe plays a big role in our health, happiness and wellbeing. And you don't need to witness a supermoon to experience it.


The Women Who Contributed to Science but Were Buried in Footnotes  The Atlantic

In a new study, researchers uncovered female programmers who made important but unrecognized contributions to genetics.


Meet the geek behind Egypt's hit online science show  BBC News

How Ahmed El Ghandour's love of science led to an online show watched by millions of Egyptians.


The Snow Moon - in pictures | Science  The Guardian

The February Snow Moon is the biggest and brightest super-moon of the year, lighting up the night skies across the planet giving stargazers a celestial treat.


Shedding light on the science of auroral breakups: Scientists study the energetic particles behind stunning light show  Science Daily

Scientists have quantitatively confirmed how energetic an auroral breakup can be. Using a combination of cutting-edge ground-based technology and new ...


Bug bombs don't get rid of bugs, study suggests  Science Magazine

In the United States alone, we spend more than $2.5 billion a year trying to rid our homes of cockroaches and other pests—but a new study says some of us may ...


Update: NASA declares end of Opportunity's mission  Science Magazine

*Update, 13 February, 2:10 p.m.: After more than a thousand attempts to revive the Opportunity rover, including a final unanswered command last night, NASA ...


Caster Semenya arrives for landmark case that will challenge science and gender politics  CBC.ca

Caster Semenya, the two-time Olympic 800-metre champion from South Africa didn't take questions as she arrived at the Court of Arbitration for Sport on Monday ...


Teen zebra finches seek moms' approval for their new tunes  Science Magazine

It's hard to imagine a teen asking their mother for approval on anything. But a new study shows that male zebra finches—colorful songbirds with complex ...


Evidence mounts that gut bacteria can influence mood, prevent depression  Science Magazine

Of all the many ways the teeming ecosystem of microbes in a person's gut and other tissues might affect health, its potential influences on the brain may be the ...


Populating the periodic table: Nucleosynthesis of the elements  Science Magazine

Elements heavier than helium are produced in the lives and deaths of stars. This Review discusses when and how the process of nucleosynthesis made ...


Is tourism endangering these giant lizards?  Science Magazine

Partial shutdown of Indonesia's Komodo National Park is unnecessary, scientists say.


The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea Volcano  Science Magazine

The Kīlauea Volcano on the island of Hawai'i erupted for 3 months in 2018. Neal et al. present a summary of the eruption sequence along with a variety of ...


Dose of vitamin C helps gold nanowires grow: Scientists produce valuable nanowires from short particles without the bulk  Science Daily

Scientists discover a method to turn stubby gold nanorods into gold nanowires of impressive length. The metal wires could be valuable for sensing, diagnostic, ...


Watch a maggot 'fountain' devour a pizza in 2 hours  Science Magazine

If you've got the stomach for it, you can watch 10,000 maggots demolish the above pizza in 2 hours. Now, scientists have a better sense of how these fly larvae ...


Ancient Earth rock found on the moon  Science Magazine

What may be the oldest-known Earth rock has turned up in a surprising place: the moon. A 2-centimeter chip embedded in a larger rock collected by Apollo ...


Numerical cognition in honeybees enables addition and subtraction  Science Advances

Many animals understand numbers at a basic level for use in essential tasks such as foraging, shoaling, and resource management. However, complex ...


Gum disease–causing bacteria could spur Alzheimer's  Science Magazine

Poor oral health is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. What's not clear is whether gum disease causes the disorder or is merely a result—many patients with ...


Neanderthals could have been long-distance killers  Science Magazine

Neanderthals were dangerous—even at a distance. A new study suggests they might have been able to nail prey with their pointy spears from up to 20 meters ...


Cancer-slaying virus may fight childhood eye tumor  Science Magazine

Curing the childhood eye cancer retinoblastoma often comes at a cost. The tumor, which sprouts in the retina and primarily occurs in children under the age of 5, ...


Scientists Are Revealing The Weirdest Thing They've Done For Science, And They're Brilliant  IFLScience

Scientists are sharing on Twitter the weirdest things they've done in the name of science, offering up a fascinating glimpse into what scientists consider.


Five Things High Schoolers Need To Know More Than Computer Science  Forbes

A recent opinion piece in the New York Times discussed how the College Board is pushing for students to focus on mastering “two codes” — computer science ...


These researchers swallowed Legos for science  Science News for Students

Parents rush to the hospital every day after their kids swallow toys. To calm their fears, six brave doctors swallowed Legos for science.


New patent win for University of California upends CRISPR legal battle  Science Magazine

The University of California (UC) has received good news on a patent for the invention of the genome editor known as CRISPR—and it likely moves a fierce ...


Nasa confirms Mars rover Opportunity is dead  The Guardian

Robot the size of a golf buggy has sent data to Earth for 15 years but fell silent eight months ago and Nasa says mission is complete.


Graphene-based wearables for health monitoring, food inspection and night vision  Science Daily

Scientists have developed dozens of new graphene-based prototypes. These technologies aim to turn mobile phones into life saving devices.


STEM faculty who believe ability is fixed have larger racial achievement gaps and inspire less student motivation in their classes  Science Advances

An important goal of the scientific community is broadening the achievement and participation of racial minorities in STEM fields. Yet, professors' beliefs about ...


At many river deltas, scientists are missing a major source of sea level rise  Science Magazine

For coastal communities, the sea level rise propelled by melting ice and warming oceans is bad enough. But people living on the soft, compressible sediments of ...


This Spider Has Been Dead For 110 Million Years, But Its Eyes Still Shine in The Dark  ScienceAlert

Soft, squishy, ancient spiders are hard to investigate - they don't fossilise as easily as bones or exoskeletons. So you can imagine how excited researchers were ...


home | site map | Xray Photography
© 2006