DNA Testing Breaks Down Barriers in the Court Room
DNA testing has three major applications for forensic studies: identification of missing persons; identification of victims of wars, accidents, and natural disasters; and crime investigation. Annually, more than 20,000 forensic DNA tests are performed in the UK. Two out of three of all criminal cases using DNA evidence involve sexual assault, the rest are cases dealing with burglary, murder, and other types of violent crime. During the last 15 years, DNA analysis became an indispensable police tool in fighting crime because it allows unambiguous identification of the criminal by traces of biological material left at the crime scene. It can also acquit innocent suspects based on DNA evidence.
Criminal justice system now relies heavily on DNA-based evidence. Since it was first used in the Enderby murder case (1986), thousands of perpetrators has been convicted of various crimes with the help of DNA evidence, and hundreds wrongfully convicted people have been exonerated.
The most common samples collected at the crime scene are blood, semen, and saliva; virtually any biological material or objects handled by a perpetrator can be now used for forensic DNA testing. Clothing, furniture, and other items which may have traces of DNA, are now routinely used for obtaining DNA evidence. The technology is so sensitive that it allows identification of a person by analysing DNA collected from a fingerprint left on the surface of an object or from a single hair left at a crime scene.
When a crime scene sample or a sample from a suspect is analysed, a DNA profile is produced. A DNA profile is a digitalised representation of an individual's genotype with respect to the DNA markers tested. In the UK, all crime scene DNA profiles together with those of all suspects and arrestees for any recordable offence are deposited into a National DNA Database (NDNAD), which is the world's first criminal DNA database. As of 2004, the UK national DNA database held over two and a half million DNA profiles collected from suspects and convicted criminals which is estimated to be about 40% of UK criminally active population as well as more than 200,000 crime scene samples. UK Police use the NDNAD as an investigative tool to help solving a wide range of crimes including murder, rape, sexual assault, robbery, terrorism, burglary and arson and have almost doubled their clearance rate for volume crimes such as house burglary, and motor vehicle offences. As each new subject sample profile is added to the database, it is checked against all contained crime scene sample. When a new crime scene sample profile is added, it is checked against DNA profiles of all suspected individuals as well as against other crime scene sample records. Since its inception in 1995, the NDNAD had matched more than 200,000 crime scene samples to suspects and more than 20,000 crime scene samples to other crime scenes. Every week more than 300 crime scene samples are matched to the suspect and convicted criminal's database.
However, a DNA match between a suspect and a crime scene does not automatically guarantee a conviction. DNA evidence is just another piece of evidence, although very strong one, and on its own is often not enough to convict someone of a particular crime. DNA evidence must always be taken in conjunction with other pieces of evidence and the weight of DNA evidence is impossible to estimate without taking into account the circumstances of the case. Even when a strong match between a defendant and a crime scene sample is presented by the prosecution, non-DNA evidence may be pointed to someone else as the real perpetrator of the crime. This "other" evidence can decrease the weight of DNA evidence and increase the chances of successful defence.
The discovery of DNA fingerprinting 20 years ago had revolutionised the legal profession. Criminal and non-criminal justice systems were handed a very powerful tool to solve crime and resolve civil cases. Understanding how DNA testing can be applied in legal profession will bring benefits to both lawyers and their clients.
Avi comes from an international business background with Citibank where he specialised in managing projects in London, Europe, South America and Asia Pacific. In 2004 he was awarded the prestigious Shell Live Wire Entrepreneur of the Year award for his business. Working closely with the charities and various media outlets Avi strives to increase public awareness as to the benefits of DNA testing and the continuing impact that technological advances will have on all our lives.
Learn more about DNA testing or how you can receive your own free home DNA paternity testing kit.
Empowering Latina scientists Science Magazine
The #MeToo movement and other women's empowerment movements have raised awareness about hostile conditions for women scientists, stimulating ...
U.S. science adviser sees smaller federal role Science Magazine
The new science adviser to President Donald Trump wants to usher in a new golden era of U.S. science—but with less gold from the federal government. Ending ...
Astronomers discover solar system's most distant object, nicknamed 'FarFarOut' Science Magazine
For most people, snow days aren't very productive. Some people, though, use the time to discover the most distant object in the solar system. That's what Scott ...
Deal reveals what scientists in Germany are paying for open access Science Magazine
Project Deal, a consortium of libraries, universities, and research institutes in Germany, has unveiled an unprecedented deal with a major journal ...
The top five films about science or scientists physicsworld.com
Four years have passed since Physics World proclaimed “Science cleans up at the Oscars” — and things have only got better since then. Last year, The Shape ...
Hachimoji DNA and RNA: A genetic system with eight building blocks Science Magazine
DNA and RNA are naturally composed of four nucleotide bases that form hydrogen bonds in order to pair. Hoshika et al. added an additional four synthetic ...
Seoul Will Welcome a Robot Science Museum Constructed by Robots Smithsonian.com
Seoul's Robot Science Museum (RSM) will welcome its inaugural exhibition before construction is even complete: As Dezeen's India Block explains, robots and ...
Do we need another massive particle collider? Science Weekly podcast The Guardian
With the Large Hadron Collider reaching its upper limits, scientists around the world are drawing up plans for a new generation of super colliders. Ian Sample ...
The world's largest bee vanished decades ago. Now, scientists have spotted it again - Science Magazine
The world's largest bee vanished decades ago. Now, scientists have spotted it again Science Magazine
In 1981, the world's biggest bee went missing—again. Wallace's giant bee (above, right), which lives in the rainforests of Indonesia, is four times larger than a ...
HIV drug could improve recovery after stroke Science Magazine
Stroke treatment has been a race against time. In the hours after a stroke, the clot-busting treatment tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can limit damage to the ...
Sleep well to slow Alzheimer's progression? Science Magazine
Although sleep disturbances are commonly reported in people with dementia (1), whether this is a cause or a consequence of the disease is unclear. Evidence ...
Researchers spy signs of slavery from space Science Magazine
Doreen Boyd remembers the first time she saw a hint of slavery from space. A satellite image from 2017 of Rajasthan state in India showed a brown oval that ...
Regulation of predictive analytics in medicine Science Magazine
Artificial intelligence (AI) and increased computing power have long held the promise of improving prediction and prognostication in health care (1). Now, use of ...
Science program connects kids with community members Sarnia Observer
A long-running program designed to nurture elementary school students' interest in science, engineering, technology and agriculture has a new name and a ...
Tom Brady & Gisele Bündchen Pack on the PDA at Science Gala E! NEWS
The quarterback proves once again he's the supermodel's no. 1 fan.
Ivanka Trump claimed her dad’s administration is a “driver of science,” and Twitter has roasts for days - HelloGiggles
Ivanka Trump claimed her dad’s administration is a “driver of science,” and Twitter has roasts for days HelloGiggles
First Daughter Ivanka Trump retweeted a post in praise of the current administration's work in the sciences...and Twitter is not here for that spin.
Weekly Digest (Feb 18-22, 2019): Top Weather, Environment and Science Stories of the Week - The Weather Channel
Weekly Digest (Feb 18-22, 2019): Top Weather, Environment and Science Stories of the Week The Weather Channel
A roundup of the week's top stories on The Weather Channel India.
Japan’s Hayabusa 2 successfully touches down on Ryugu asteroid The Guardian
The probe was due to fire a pellet into the surface of the asteroid to try to capture dust.
Tunable intrinsic strain in two-dimensional transition metal electrocatalysts Science Magazine
Strain can modify the electronic properties of a metal and has provided a method for enhancing electrocatalytic activity. For practical catalysts, nanomaterials ...
Catalytic reductive [4 + 1]-cycloadditions of vinylidenes and dienes Science Magazine
The Diels-Alder reaction is widely used to make six-membered rings by adding four-carbon dienes to two-carbon alkenes. It would seem straightforward to ...
Digging into the options for advanced degrees in information science | Produced by Advertising Publications - Seattle Times
Digging into the options for advanced degrees in information science | Produced by Advertising Publications Seattle Times
University of Washington's iSchool graduates information-savvy specialists who don't necessarily head straight to libraries to work.
Why sparks fly when you microwave grapes Science Magazine
Physicists burned out 12 microwaves putting this trick to the test.
Ancient humans hunted monkeys for tens of thousands of years Science Magazine
If you picture early humans dining, you likely imagine them sitting down to a barbecue of mammoth, aurochs, and giant elk meat. But in the rainforests of Sri ...
Deciphering mass extinction triggers Science Magazine
Five mass extinction events have punctuated the evolution of life on Earth, each reshaping the biosphere by ending the success of an overwhelming proportion ...
Nobel laureate Steven Chu assumes term as AAAS president Science Magazine
Naturally, Steven Chu cites his work on laser cooling and optical trapping as the most recognized of his scientific career. In 1997, Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji ...
Scientists find routine allomaternal nursing in an Old World monkey EurekAlert
A team of scientists led by Professor Li Ming at the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found widespread allomaternal nursing behavior in ...
Montana legislator introduces bills to give his state its own science Ars Technica
Two bills instruct the state to ignore the greenhouse effect and federal government.
The courage to leave Science Magazine
“I walked out of my first Ph.D. project!” I exclaimed. I was just a few months into a new job as manager of a graduate school, sitting in my first doctoral student ...
Diving into Earth's interior helps scientists unravel secrets of diamond formation Science Daily
Understanding the global carbon cycle provides scientists with vital clues about the planet's habitability.
Engineering HIV-resistant babies may have accidentally changed their brains Popular Science
In November 2018, a group of researchers in China divulged what scientists around the world feared: In what many researchers now call an ethically dubious ...
Scientists rally around Vanderbilt professor whose tenure bid appeared to hit roadblocks as Me Too activism grew - Inside Higher Ed
Scientists rally around Vanderbilt professor whose tenure bid appeared to hit roadblocks as Me Too activism grew Inside Higher Ed
A Vanderbilt faculty member, considered a hero to many women in science, finds her once promising tenure bid has stalled.
Artificial intelligence to boost Earth system science Science Daily
A new study shows that artificial intelligence can substantially improve our understanding of the climate and the Earth system.
Rookies lead the way on House science panel Science Magazine
A major perk of being the majority party in the U.S. Congress is getting to fill the leadership slots on every committee. For several new Democratic legislators, ...
Can Big Science Be Too Big? The New York Times
A new study finds that small teams of researchers do more innovative work than large teams do.
Reality check: Can cat poop cause mental illness? Science Magazine
Science breaks down the evidence on the link between Toxoplasma gondii and mental illness.
Mighty T. Rex Began As Cute, Deer-Size Dino Live Science
The fearsome Tyrannosaurus rex was an enormous dinosaur. However, this giant carnivore had very humble beginnings, according to a new fossil discovery.
Ultraviolet light could provide a powerful new source of green fuel Science Magazine
Scientists find potentially cheap way to turn methanol into ethanol.
Ivanka Trump Retweets Praise Of Administration As 'Driver For Science,' Twitter Gags HuffPost
Snarky tweets reminded the president's daughter about White House denials of climate change.
Life on Mars BREAKTHROUGH: How 'HOLY GRAIL’ discovery boosts search for life on Red Planet - Express.co.uk
Life on Mars BREAKTHROUGH: How 'HOLY GRAIL’ discovery boosts search for life on Red Planet Express.co.uk
THE search for life on Mars was boosted yesterday after scientists uncovered the “Holy Grail” discovery they had been hoping to make for years, a BBC Radio 4 ...
The science of insect population collapse The Saturday Paper
Amid recent warnings of the mass extinction of insects in the coming decades, the global lack of research into insect populations has come into focus.
Double-negative-index ceramic aerogels for thermal superinsulation Science Magazine
Aerogels hold promise as lightweight replacements for thermal insulation. However, poor mechanical stability has hampered progress in moving toward ...
AAAS: Machine learning 'causing science crisis' BBC News
Machine-learning techniques used by thousands of scientists to analyse data are producing results that are misleading and often completely wrong.
The little reactors that could Science Magazine
Billed as safe and cheap, NuScale's small reactors aim to revive the ailing nuclear industry and help save a warming planet. Open in new tab. NuScale ...
Earth may be 140 years away from reaching carbon levels not seen in 56 million years - Science Daily
Earth may be 140 years away from reaching carbon levels not seen in 56 million years Science Daily
Total human carbon dioxide emissions could match those of Earth's last major greenhouse warming event in fewer than five generations, new research finds.
Scalable and safe synthetic organic electroreduction inspired by Li-ion battery chemistry - Science Magazine
Scalable and safe synthetic organic electroreduction inspired by Li-ion battery chemistry Science Magazine
The so-called Birch reduction is frequently used by chemists despite its daunting conditions: Pyrophoric sodium is dissolved in pure liquified ammonia to achieve ...
College of Agricultural Sciences faculty member named distinguished professor Penn State News
Penn State's Office of the Vice Provost for Faculty Affairs has named Alexander Hristov, professor of dairy nutrition in the College of Agricultural Sciences, as a ...
How Alan Alda Is Helping Scientists Translate Jargon Kenosha News
Scientific language can be difficult to parse through for anyone not well-versed in the field. That's where acclaimed actor Alan Alda comes in. Through the Alda ...
Dynamic gating of infrared radiation in a textile Science Magazine
Textiles trap infrared radiation, which helps keep us warm in cold weather. Of course, in hot weather, this is less desirable. Zhang et al. constructed an ...
DNA replication from two different worlds Science Magazine
Replication of the DNA genome is performed by a replisome complex composed of numerous proteins. Cells have duplex DNA genomes, and their replisomes ...
Trump to launch artificial intelligence initiative, but many details lacking Science Magazine
Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a defining issue of our time, affecting national security, economic development, human rights, and social media—for better ...
High-tide flooding disrupts local economic activity Science Advances
Evaluation of observed sea level rise impacts to date has emphasized sea level extremes, such as those from tropical cyclones. Far less is known about the ...
Superconductivity wins dancing contest, scientists master the cheese fondue, and the first ever web browser returns - physicsworld.com
Superconductivity wins dancing contest, scientists master the cheese fondue, and the first ever web browser returns physicsworld.com
Explaining your research, especially as a PhD student, can be a struggle. But communicating it via dance – that's a challenge. Last week, the 11th annual ...
Scientists uncover how high-fat diet drives colorectal cancer growth: Experimental drug candidate slows cancer progression in mouse model - Science Daily
Scientists uncover how high-fat diet drives colorectal cancer growth: Experimental drug candidate slows cancer progression in mouse model Science Daily
A new study suggests that high-fat diets fuel colorectal cancer growth by upsetting the balance of bile acids in the intestine and triggering a hormonal signal that ...
At many river deltas, scientists are missing a major source of sea level rise Science Magazine
For coastal communities, the sea level rise propelled by melting ice and warming oceans is bad enough. But people living on the soft, compressible sediments of ...
Update: NASA declares end of Opportunity's mission Science Magazine
*Update, 13 February, 2:10 p.m.: After more than a thousand attempts to revive the Opportunity rover, including a final unanswered command last night, NASA ...
Neanderthals could have been long-distance killers Science Magazine
Neanderthals were dangerous—even at a distance. A new study suggests they might have been able to nail prey with their pointy spears from up to 20 meters ...
Japan Just Shot a Fake Asteroid with a Space Bullet … for Science Space.com
JAXA is preparing to sample an asteroid called Ryugu with the agency's Hayabusa2 spacecraft — so the team practiced on Earth first.
Mice, like people, like to be rocked to sleep Science Magazine
Forget the running wheel. If your pet mouse is an insomniac, what it really needs is a hammock. New research shows that mice, just like humans, fall asleep ...
Plastics reach remote pristine environments, scientists say The Guardian
Scientists have warned about the impact of plastic pollution in the most pristine corners of the world after discovering chemical additives in birds' eggs in the ...
When did kangaroos start to hop? Science Magazine
Scientists have long wondered when the kangaroo's distinctive leap first appeared. But ancient kangaroo skeletons are so rare that the hop's origin has ...
How 18th-Century Writers Created the Genre of Popular Science Smithsonian.com
French writers such as Voltaire and Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle helped shape the Enlightenment with stories of science.
Foxes were domesticated by humans in the Bronze Age EurekAlert
In the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between the third and second millennium BC, a widespread funeral practice consisted in burying humans with animals.
480-Million-Year-Old Mystery Creature Finally Identified from Its Preserved Guts Live Science
What the heck is this weird ancient animal? New fossils have helped scientists figure it out.
Pictionary-playing computer connects to humans' 'deep thoughts' Science Magazine
For decades, scientists have sought to give computers common sense—a basic understanding of the world that lets humans navigate everything from ...
Yellowstone volcano eruption: Is Yellowstone OVERDUE another super eruption? Express.co.uk
A YELLOWSTONE volcano eruption is feared to be the biggest natural cataclysm the United States will ever see. But is the Yellowstone volcano overdue a major ...
Earth's Atmosphere Is Bigger Than We Thought - It Actually Goes Past The Moon ScienceAlert
We humans like to put labels and boundaries on things. For example, the boundary between Earth's atmosphere and space is the Kármán line, the point at 100 ...
Colliding neutron stars shot a light-speed jet through space Science News
When a pair of ultradense cores of dead stars smashed into one another, the collision shot a bright jet of charged subatomic particles through space.
Supernovas show the universe expands at the same rate in all directions Science News
The cosmos doesn't care whether you're looking up or down, left or right: In all directions, the universe is expanding at the same clip. When compared across ...
The northern and southern lights are different. Here's why Science Magazine
The northern lights (above) and their lesser-known sibling the southern lights, aurora borealis and aurora australis, respectively, undulate across the skies in ...
Young scientists learn about intellectual property in national science fest Manila Bulletin
The Department of Education (DepEd) reminded young scientists and student-researchers who participated in the 2019 National Science and Technology Fair ...
10 Leading Organisations That Are Hiring Data Scientists In Singapore Analytics India Magazine
In this article, we list down 10 big organisations that currently boast a lot of openings in data science jobs and related avenues.
Where on earth is North? - Science Weekly podcast The Guardian
Earth's north magnetic pole wandering so quickly in recent decades that this week, scientists decided to update the World Magnetic Model, which underlies ...
Using neuroscience to develop artificial intelligence Science Magazine
When the mathematician Alan Turing posed the question “Can machines think?” in the first line of his seminal 1950 paper that ushered in the quest for artificial ...
Study blames YouTube for rise in number of Flat Earthers The Guardian
Researchers believe they have identified the prime driver for a startling rise in the number of people who think the Earth is flat: Google's video-sharing site, ...
A surface gravity traverse on Mars indicates low bedrock density at Gale crater Science Magazine
Gravimetry—the measurement of tiny changes in gravitational fields—can be used to weigh mountains. Large-scale gravimetric mapping can be done from orbit, ...
EXCLUSIVE: Controversial experiments that could make bird flu more risky poised to resume - Science Magazine
EXCLUSIVE: Controversial experiments that could make bird flu more risky poised to resume Science Magazine
Controversial lab studies that modify bird flu viruses in ways that could make them more risky to humans will soon resume after being on hold for more than 4 ...
Teen zebra finches seek moms' approval for their new tunes Science Magazine
It's hard to imagine a teen asking their mother for approval on anything. But a new study shows that male zebra finches—colorful songbirds with complex ...
Scientists Think They Have Determined How Australia's 'Fairy Circles' Form IFLScience
Known as fairy circles, “extremely ordered” round patches of bare soil appear to have been strategically placed in the grasslands of southwestern Africa an.
Evidence mounts that gut bacteria can influence mood, prevent depression Science Magazine
Of all the many ways the teeming ecosystem of microbes in a person's gut and other tissues might affect health, its potential influences on the brain may be the ...
The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kīlauea Volcano Science Magazine
The Kīlauea Volcano on the island of Hawai'i erupted for 3 months in 2018. Neal et al. present a summary of the eruption sequence along with a variety of ...
Murray-Darling authority promises to upgrade climate science after criticism The Guardian
Scientists invited to collaborate on climate change following mass fish kills and royal commission findings.
The mummy of all Tutankhamun shows will land in London The Guardian
Saatchi Gallery to host exhibition of 150 artefacts before their permanent return to Egypt.
Watch a maggot 'fountain' devour a pizza in 2 hours Science Magazine
If you've got the stomach for it, you can watch 10,000 maggots demolish the above pizza in 2 hours. Now, scientists have a better sense of how these fly larvae ...
In Roundup Case, the Science Will Go on Trial First The Wall Street Journal
A federal judge in a Roundup cancer trial later this month has divided the case so jurors can focus first solely on the science and then, only if they find the ...
Best girl in sciences to study applied mathematics at MIT The New Times
Soumayya Bint Outhman from Gashora Girls Academy of Science and Technology emerged to be the best girl candidate in sciences and fourth in the whole ...
Ancient Earth rock found on the moon Science Magazine
What may be the oldest-known Earth rock has turned up in a surprising place: the moon. A 2-centimeter chip embedded in a larger rock collected by Apollo ...
NASA picks mission to make all-sky infrared map Science Magazine
NASA has just given the green light to a mission that will study multiple eras of cosmic history, from the earliest fractions of a second after the big bang to ...
This bat species may be the source of the Ebola epidemic that killed more than 11000 people in West Africa - Science Magazine
This bat species may be the source of the Ebola epidemic that killed more than 11000 people in West Africa Science Magazine
Scientists find part of the virus's genome in an insect-eating bat caught near a mineshaft in Liberia.
Is tourism endangering these giant lizards? Science Magazine
Partial shutdown of Indonesia's Komodo National Park is unnecessary, scientists say.
Preventing Flooding on Individual Farmers Fields to Save Crops
I propose permits be given to farmers to they can set up along the edge of their fields a microwave array to burn a hole in the clouds when severe weather threatens their crops. I would propose that this concept be completely privately funded and be done in conjunction with the FAA.
Secrets of The Mathematical Symmetry of Nature and Patterns of Erosion
As scientists and theorists study patterns, design, chaos, complexity they often turn to nature for examples and there is plenty of examples in nature too. The stripes on a zebra, patterns on a butterfly, spider webs, leafs on a tree, scales on a fish, seashells, brain waves, muscle structure, texture of granite, spider webs, Earth cycles, waves on the ocean, wind flow, clouds in the sky, Rainbows, Solar System, structure of a meteorite and even DNA itself.
Aerodynamics of a Flying Disk or Flying Sphere
Aerodynamics of a flying sphere. It has been said that in the future we maybe flying around anti-gravity type spheres, but this does not mean it will not have to deal with relative wind in our own atmosphere.
How A Light Bulb Works and Other Interesting Tidbits
Light Bulb ScienceEver wonder how a light bulb works? I mean it seems easy, you flick a switch and "bam" there is light! While not much more complicated than that, there is a little science involved.To understand how a light works you need to understand certain terms including voltage, watt and amperage.
Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Mudslides: Extreme Events - What Do They Mean?
In lieu of recent, tumultuous occurrences, people are more compelled than ever to discover the mystery of these modern-day, earth-changing events.One day, Earth(1) is experiencing the fourth largest earthquake in a century - a 9.
Telescopes - Principle of Operation and Factors that Affect Its Properties
Telescopes are devices that are used to view the distant objects. They find its use in astronomy and physics.
Electromagnetic Energy in Space
Tesla was always looking for a way to harvest electromagnetic energy and deliver it to the world wireless, after reading a biography about Tesla, I had come up with this concept.Why not put a satellite that counter rotates the Earth and is located at the poles.
Is Thought Evident in Plants?
Who would have thought that a plant could be a witness to a crime - and even testify against the perpetrator? Well, it is true! In the early 1970's experiments were done on ordinary houseplants, by researchers who connected a polygraph machine to a plant.An interesting thing happened - the researchers discovered that their plants actually recognized their owners, they responded to being talked to and praised, and they also fainted when exposed to negative thoughts or words, or violence directed at them.
Ground Targets Via Space Laser Weapons
It is now possible to overwhelm our enemy from space or near space (ultra high-altitude) Blimp weapons. Right now we watch as 11 Western States have massive wild fires, most caused by lightning, but they could just as easily be caused by laser weaponry.
Equipment for the Amateur Astronomer - Part 1
Binoculars and telescopes and other astronomy equipment and accessories are the meat and potatoes of amateur astronomy. A good pair of binoculars is what introduced me to the pleasures of stargazing many moons ago and only after a couple of years scanning the skies did I graduate to a telescope.
Cloaking the Postage Stamp Modern Aircraft Carrier
By using a special coating on the deck of an aircraft carrier and a projector on the top of the tallest communications mast facing down, we could project the image of the ocean onto the deck like a giant IMAX theatre screen. Although this sounds like a daunting task, it isn't really.
How Can DNA Testing Help an Immigration Case?
DNA testing is routinely used in immigration cases to prove whether a child under 18 is a biological child of or, in some cases, is related to an individual with a leave to remain in the UK. Most DNA tests for immigration reasons are parentage testing (paternity or maternity) but in some cases a grand parentage or avuncular (whether a child is a nephew or a niece of the sponsor) test is employed to prove an alleged relationship.
N400 Brain Wave to Assist in Learning and in Performance
In any important task you need to stay alert and in some professions someone could lose their life ifyou are not staying heads up or cause a serious accident where someone else has to pay with theirs. Not good, so what is the solution here? Here is a thought on learning, safety, brain waves and winning.
Weather Control and Creation to Use as a Screen for Troop Advancement
Creating a Hurricane using a Space based laser array to heat up surface waters when conditions are right. By using a tropical storm system and super heating the water in the path and then in a counter clock wise direction if in the Northern Hemisphere or Clock-wise if in the Southern Hemisphere because;"A hurricane is an immense circulating storm, an intense case of a class of weather systems called tropical cyclones.
Einstein Half Dead
100 years ago Albert Einstein developed his Relativity Theory of physics that claimed that the universe is actually based on a space-time-gravity continuum (a non-mechanical version of Rene Descartes' earlier mechanical ether theory) and with time as variable and relative.Einstein believed that his theory disproved "all of Isaac Newton's physics theory", and that "Newton's theory" had disproved all earlier physics theories.
Mini Robots Grid Meteorite Search
We need very much to study meteorites more, but we need more sampling to get this done. One way to do this is to go out hunting for meteorites.
Astrophysics and Other Universe Sentient Life
ASTROPHYSICS: - Many other entries will deal with knowledge from this truly amazing field of exploration founded in astrology and chaos science before the Ice Age. There is one question we'd like you to consider at this time.
A Call for a Worldwide Campaign on Water Conservation
If we are to tackle the challenges of future populations on the planet, we will need to insure adequate water supply. Our US population is growing, by one person every nine seconds and with this growth the consumption of fresh water increases.
UAV Air-Breathing SAM Upgrade Recommendations
Can a hybrid Surface to Air Missile, UAV loiter for hours and then become a missile to down an enemy aircraft?Small UAV surface to air missile (SAM), which is air-breathing is a good idea and yields many possibilities to the future of air combat.http://www.
The Fertilization Process and Implications of Test Tube Babies
Through the wonders of science, infertile couples who were previously unable to bear children, due to reasons such as blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, low egg quantities or advanced age of the mother, are now able to conceive through in-vitro fertilization. The results are babies known as test-tube babies which are technically conceived outside the womb.
|home | site map | Xray Photography|