DNA Testing Breaks Down Barriers in the Court Room
DNA testing has three major applications for forensic studies: identification of missing persons; identification of victims of wars, accidents, and natural disasters; and crime investigation. Annually, more than 20,000 forensic DNA tests are performed in the UK. Two out of three of all criminal cases using DNA evidence involve sexual assault, the rest are cases dealing with burglary, murder, and other types of violent crime. During the last 15 years, DNA analysis became an indispensable police tool in fighting crime because it allows unambiguous identification of the criminal by traces of biological material left at the crime scene. It can also acquit innocent suspects based on DNA evidence.
Criminal justice system now relies heavily on DNA-based evidence. Since it was first used in the Enderby murder case (1986), thousands of perpetrators has been convicted of various crimes with the help of DNA evidence, and hundreds wrongfully convicted people have been exonerated.
The most common samples collected at the crime scene are blood, semen, and saliva; virtually any biological material or objects handled by a perpetrator can be now used for forensic DNA testing. Clothing, furniture, and other items which may have traces of DNA, are now routinely used for obtaining DNA evidence. The technology is so sensitive that it allows identification of a person by analysing DNA collected from a fingerprint left on the surface of an object or from a single hair left at a crime scene.
When a crime scene sample or a sample from a suspect is analysed, a DNA profile is produced. A DNA profile is a digitalised representation of an individual's genotype with respect to the DNA markers tested. In the UK, all crime scene DNA profiles together with those of all suspects and arrestees for any recordable offence are deposited into a National DNA Database (NDNAD), which is the world's first criminal DNA database. As of 2004, the UK national DNA database held over two and a half million DNA profiles collected from suspects and convicted criminals which is estimated to be about 40% of UK criminally active population as well as more than 200,000 crime scene samples. UK Police use the NDNAD as an investigative tool to help solving a wide range of crimes including murder, rape, sexual assault, robbery, terrorism, burglary and arson and have almost doubled their clearance rate for volume crimes such as house burglary, and motor vehicle offences. As each new subject sample profile is added to the database, it is checked against all contained crime scene sample. When a new crime scene sample profile is added, it is checked against DNA profiles of all suspected individuals as well as against other crime scene sample records. Since its inception in 1995, the NDNAD had matched more than 200,000 crime scene samples to suspects and more than 20,000 crime scene samples to other crime scenes. Every week more than 300 crime scene samples are matched to the suspect and convicted criminal's database.
However, a DNA match between a suspect and a crime scene does not automatically guarantee a conviction. DNA evidence is just another piece of evidence, although very strong one, and on its own is often not enough to convict someone of a particular crime. DNA evidence must always be taken in conjunction with other pieces of evidence and the weight of DNA evidence is impossible to estimate without taking into account the circumstances of the case. Even when a strong match between a defendant and a crime scene sample is presented by the prosecution, non-DNA evidence may be pointed to someone else as the real perpetrator of the crime. This "other" evidence can decrease the weight of DNA evidence and increase the chances of successful defence.
The discovery of DNA fingerprinting 20 years ago had revolutionised the legal profession. Criminal and non-criminal justice systems were handed a very powerful tool to solve crime and resolve civil cases. Understanding how DNA testing can be applied in legal profession will bring benefits to both lawyers and their clients.
Avi comes from an international business background with Citibank where he specialised in managing projects in London, Europe, South America and Asia Pacific. In 2004 he was awarded the prestigious Shell Live Wire Entrepreneur of the Year award for his business. Working closely with the charities and various media outlets Avi strives to increase public awareness as to the benefits of DNA testing and the continuing impact that technological advances will have on all our lives.
Learn more about DNA testing or how you can receive your own free home DNA paternity testing kit.
'Audacious' science ideas win huge funding boosts after selection by TED group Science Magazine
Protein design team and other science projects raise tens of millions of dollars from a network of donors.
America Leading the World in Science and Technology The White House
As we mark fifty years since the Apollo 11 mission landed Americans on the Moon, capturing the imagination of the world, our Nation is again on the verge of a ...
Verge Science just won a Webby Award The Verge
The jury is in, and we're pleased to announce that Verge Science has won a Webby Award and a People's Voice Award in the Science & Education (Channels ...
Scientists create international database of women scientists Phys.org
A database of women scientists that was created a year ago by a team led by a CU School of Medicine postdoctoral fellow has grown to list more than 7500 ...
Three in four female physics undergrads report sexual harassment Science Magazine
Fully three in four U.S. undergraduate women majoring in physics reported being sexually harassed over a 2-year period ending in 2017, according to a new ...
First marsquake detected by NASA's InSight mission Science Magazine
Mars is shaking. After several months of apprehensive waiting on a quiet surface, NASA's InSight lander has registered a sweet, small sound: the first marsquake ...
Scientists develop low-cost energy-efficient materials EurekAlert
An international team of scientists from the National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' (NUST MISIS), Tianjin University (China), as well as from ...
University of Idaho to build new meat science center Feedstuffs
The University of Idaho announced plans April 22 to build a new meat science and innovation center that will house Vandal Brand Meats on the Moscow, Ida., ...
Former NASA astronaut Mark Kelly hopes to bring some science to the Senate The Verge
In February, former NASA astronaut Mark Kelly announced his decision to run for the US Senate in Arizona — a move that he had been thinking about for the ...
Global warming may boost economic inequality Science Magazine
Over the past half-century, climate change has been blamed for heat waves, flooding, and rising seas. Now, researchers say warmer temperatures are widening ...
Earth Science Is Ready for Preprints Eos
The EarthArXiv preprint archive, in operation for almost a year and a half, makes the latest Earth science research available to a wider community.
What's the Controversy Over the Baby T. Rex Listed on eBay? Live Science
The partial skeleton of a baby Tyrannosaurus rex is for sale on eBay for nearly $3 million. Paleontologists are furious about it.
Medicaid expansion through Obamacare may be helping black infants Science News
States that expanded Medicaid as part of the Affordable Care Act shrunk racial disparities between black and white infants, a new study shows.
There Are Toxic Fungi in Space and No One Knows If They're Dangerous Live Science
Potentially dangerous fungi are living on space stations and spacecraft right now — but we have no idea if they're harmful for astronauts and scientists need to ...
Auroral 'speed bumps' are more complicated, scientists find Science Daily
Researchers find that 'speed bumps' in space, which can slow down satellites orbiting closer to Earth, are more complex than originally thought.
Scientists explore the unknown behaviour of gold nanoparticles with neutrons Phys.org
Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. Their small size means ...
Swastikas found at NC School of Science and Math WRAL.com
Durham, N.C. — Swastika graffiti was found last month in a residence hall at the North Carolina School of Science and Math in Durham, a spokesman confirmed ...
Greenland Is Falling Apart The Atlantic
The Greenland Ice Sheet is the world's second-largest reservoir of *fresh* water sitting on the world's largest island. It is almost mind-bogglingly huge. If Greenland ...
Bill Nye The Science Guy coming to Science Museum Oklahoma Tulsa World
A limited number of VIP tickets are available for $100 and include the reception, a signed copy of one of Nye's books and reserved seating for the screening.
USDA orders scientists to say published research is ‘preliminary’ Washington Post
Any scientist reading the disclaimer added to USDA research "would be very confused by this statement,” one journal editor said.
Baby tyrannosaur's eBay auction sparks outrage Science Magazine
It's astonishing what you can buy on eBay. An ongoing auction on the site offers buyers the chance to own what is claimed to be “maybe the only” juvenile ...
To amp up solar cells, scientists ditch silicon Science Magazine
Silicon dominates the world of solar power. Even the newest solar cell designs, tandem devices that have a silicon solar cell below a cell made of a crystalline ...
Obscure sexually transmitted parasite tangles with immune system Science News
Scientists are working out how Trichomonas vaginalis, one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections, causes problems in women and men.
Deep inside Earth, scientists find weird blobs and mountains taller than Mount Everest NBC News
Scientists say Earth's mantle is layered like an onion, and they are attempting to map the the blobs, plumes and metal ocean deep inside the planet.
Greta Thunberg: Teen activist says UK is 'irresponsible' on climate BBC News
Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg tells UK politicians a generation's future has been "stolen".
Scientists Have Identified Almost 2 Million 'Hidden' Earthquakes Shaking California ScienceAlert
California is notorious for its earthquakes, but a stunning new discovery reveals for the first time just how much we've underestimated its omnipresent ...
Scientists propose new theory on Alzheimer's, amyloid connection EurekAlert
Worldwide, 50 million people are living with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. According to the Alzheimer's Association, every 65 seconds someone in ...
Wary of Chinese Espionage, Houston Cancer Center Chose to Fire 3 Scientists The New York Times
Two tenured scientists at a renowned cancer hospital in Houston have resigned, and the hospital is seeking to fire a third, in connection with an investigation into ...
Exclusive: Major U.S. cancer center ousts 'Asian' researchers after NIH flags their foreign ties - Science Magazine
Exclusive: Major U.S. cancer center ousts 'Asian' researchers after NIH flags their foreign ties Science Magazine
HOUSTON, TEXAS—The MD Anderson Cancer Center here has ousted three senior researchers after the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, ...
Yakult stages science-themed AR experience CampaignLive
Fermented milk-drink brand Yakult staged an augmented-reality "magic mirror" experience to raise awareness of its science-based product and promote the ...
These Scientists Are Radically Changing How They Live To Cope With Climate Change BuzzFeed News
When the US government is doing nothing to stop climate change, do your personal choices even matter? Here's how climate scientists are — and aren't ...
'An Elegant Defense' explores the immune system's softer side Science News
The lives of four people helped or harmed by their body's natural defenses illustrate why immunology has become one of the hottest fields in science.
Science during crisis Science Magazine
In April 1902, on the Caribbean island of Martinique, La Commission sur le Vulcan convened to make a fateful decision. Mt. Pelée was sending smoke aloft and ...
Astronomers have spotted the universe's first molecule Science Magazine
The universe's very first molecule, thought to be created after the big bang, has been detected in space for the first time. Helium hydride (HeH), a combination of ...
California scientists unravel genetic mysteries of world’s tallest trees San Francisco Chronicle
Scientists have unlocked the genetic codes of California's most distinguished, longest-lasting residents — coast redwood and giant sequoia trees — in what is a ...
Here's what scientists think a black hole looks like Science Magazine
Astronomers may have imaged a black hole for the first time, capping decades of calculations of how they ought to appear.
Cheap, portable scanners could transform brain imaging. But how will scientists deliver the data? - Science Magazine
Cheap, portable scanners could transform brain imaging. But how will scientists deliver the data? Science Magazine
Q&A with neuroethicist Francis Shen and MRI developer Michael Garwood.
Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu—A spinning top–shaped rubble pile - Science Magazine
Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu—A spinning top–shaped rubble pile Science Magazine
Asteroids fall to Earth in the form of meteorites, but these provide little information about their origins. The Japanese mission Hayabusa2 is designed to collect ...
The geomorphology, color, and thermal properties of Ryugu: Implications for parent-body processes - Science Magazine
The geomorphology, color, and thermal properties of Ryugu: Implications for parent-body processes Science Magazine
Asteroids fall to Earth in the form of meteorites, but these provide little information about their origins. The Japanese mission Hayabusa2 is designed to collect ...
Americans Are Smart About Science FiveThirtyEight
Hey, didja hear about those scientifically illiterate Americans? People so dumb, they think the sun revolves around the Earth? People who can't pass a quiz of ...
This fungus has wiped out more species than any other disease Science Magazine
The infectious disease that has devastated the most biodiversity is a fungal killer of amphibians, researchers report today in Science . Around the world, 90 ...
Scientists Made Bubbles of Sand, and That's a Big Deal Popular Mechanics
A group of scientists proved that sand can form lava lamp-style bubbles, which could have applications in geology and pharmaceuticals.
Spark + AI Summit 2019 Taps Kount's AI Science Team for Best Practices in Machine Learning and AI-Driven Results - Associated Press
Spark + AI Summit 2019 Taps Kount's AI Science Team for Best Practices in Machine Learning and AI-Driven Results Associated Press
Press release *content* from Business Wire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.
Why blend? Exploring the art and science of blending BBC News
Humans are the blending species, says philosopher of the senses Barry Smith, but what makes some blends work when others don't?
The board games turning science into playtime The Guardian
Science-themed board games are an increasingly popular way to learn about everything from atom building to colonising space.
Scientists create largest collection of coral reef maps ever made Phys.Org
A study from scientists at the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation and the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ...
McKay would get more space for arts, science, career education under new design Salem Reporter
Principal Rob Schoepper worked with staff and architects on a design to address needs at Salem-Keizer's most overcrowded high school, adding $6 million to a ...
Cytosine base editor generates substantial off-target single-nucleotide variants in mouse embryos - Science Magazine
Cytosine base editor generates substantial off-target single-nucleotide variants in mouse embryos Science Magazine
Unintended genomic modifications limit the potential therapeutic use of gene-editing tools. Available methods to find off-targets generally do not work in vivo or ...
An interstellar meteor, Crusader DNA and water on the moon: This week in space and science CNN
This week, scientists discovered the interstellar origins of a meteor that crashed into Earth in 2014, and DNA was extracted from the bones of 13th-century ...
Arc-continent collisions in the tropics set Earth's climate state Science Magazine
On million-year time scales, Earth's climate state is determined by sources and sinks of carbon to the ocean-atmosphere system. But which specific mechanisms ...
A planetesimal orbiting within the debris disc around a white dwarf star Science Magazine
Numerous exoplanets have been detected around Sun-like stars. These stars end their lives as white dwarfs, which should inherit any surviving planetary ...
Girls who spend more time in high school with ‘high-achieving’ boys are less likely to complete a bachelor’s degree - MarketWatch
Girls who spend more time in high school with ‘high-achieving’ boys are less likely to complete a bachelor’s degree MarketWatch
'Being in a class with a lot of high-achieving male peers hurts women's long-run educational attainment.'
How to Cook With Weed—and a Dash of Tasty, Tasty Science WIRED
Mac and cheese. Peanut butter and jelly. Asparagus and … cannabis oil with a citrusy terpene profile? Welcome to the heady world of cannabis cuisine.
Concerns of young protesters are justified Science Magazine
The world's youth have begun to persistently demonstrate for the protection of the climate and other foundations of human well-being. (1, 2). As scientists and ...
New climate models predict a warming surge Science Magazine
For nearly 40 years, the massive computer models used to simulate global climate have delivered a fairly consistent picture of how fast human carbon emissions ...
Could Machine Learning Be the Key to Earthquake Prediction? Smithsonian
Predicting earthquakes might be impossible, but some experts wonder if tools that can analyze enormous amounts of data could crack the seismic code.
The NASA Twins Study: A multidimensional analysis of a year-long human spaceflight - Science Magazine
The NASA Twins Study: A multidimensional analysis of a year-long human spaceflight Science Magazine
Space is the final frontier for understanding how extreme environments affect human physiology. Following twin astronauts, one of which spent a year-long ...
Scientists decry USDA's decision to end cat parasite research Science Magazine
For the past 37 years, a small research lab in Beltsville, Maryland, has been the world's leading hub for scientists working on Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that ...
Science Festival starts, something for all ages (2 photos) SooToday
Science North-managed festival will include science activities for school children, seniors, and all ages at Saturday's Science Carnival.
Scientists Discover Gigantic Prehistoric Cat in a Neglected Museum Drawer Popular Mechanics
Larger than a tiger, lion, or polar bear with a skull comparable with a rhinoceros, this ancient predator cat, known as Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, wasn't ...
Tweeting while flying kills migratory birds Science Magazine
Texting while driving can be deadly. So can tweeting while flying, a new study finds—among some species of migratory birds. Researchers have found that birds ...
Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity Science Magazine
Rapid spread of disease is a hazard in our interconnected world. The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was identified in amphibian populations ...
New Twitter account outs shoddy reporting in science stories Quartz
In this era of fake news, it's not unusual for social media users—including the US president—to accuse journalists of doing bad work. Sadly, when it comes to ...
Archaeologists unearth largest Mayan figurine factory to date Science Magazine
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO—Archaeologists working in Guatemala have discovered the largest known figurine workshop in the Mayan world, they ...
‘Partly Alive’: Scientists Revive Cells in Brains From Dead Pigs The New York Times
In a study that upends assumptions about brain death, researchers brought some cells back to life — or something like it.
Scientists Uncover California's Hidden Earthquakes Scientific American
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...
A Global Deal For Nature: Guiding principles, milestones, and targets Science Advances
The Global Deal for Nature (GDN) is a time-bound, science-driven plan to save the diversity and abundance of life on Earth. Pairing the GDN and the Paris ...
Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity Science Magazine
We often frame negative human impacts on animal species in terms of numbers of individuals reduced or numbers of regions from which species are absent.
Scientists Confirm Cats Recognize Their Own Names Inside Science News Service
(Inside Science) -- Science has finally confirmed what cat owners knew all along: Cats know their own names.That doesn't necessarily mean they respond when ...
Can science survive without statistical significance? Science News
In science, the success of an experiment is often determined by a measure called “statistical significance.” A result is considered to be “significant” if the ...
Powerful CRISPR cousin accidentally mutates RNA while editing DNA target Science Magazine
When researchers first reported 3 years ago that they had created base editors, a version of the powerful genome-editing tool CRISPR, excitement swirled ...
The moon is losing 200 tons of water a year to meteorite strikes Science Magazine
When meteorites slam into the moon, they undoubtedly kick up a little dust. Now, a new study suggests they also shake loose quite a bit of water—something on ...
At Last, Scientists Have Found The Galaxy's Missing Exoplanets: Cold Gas Giants Forbes
In the early 1990s, scientists began detecting the first planets orbiting stars other than the Sun: exoplanets. The easiest ones to see had the largest masses and ...
Meet the scientist painter who turns deadly viruses into beautiful works of art Science Magazine
HIV, Ebola, and Zika are ugly, nasty viruses. David Goodsell makes them look beautiful, even alluring. And the unusual precision of his depictions is driven by ...
The Moon's Surface Is Totally Cracked Live Science
Is the moon all it's cracked up to be? Yes — and then some. New analysis of the lunar surface reveals that it's far more fractured than once thought. Since the ...
Red Box: We can fulfil Jill Dando's legacy by ensuring crime science keeps up with the pace of change - The Times
Red Box: We can fulfil Jill Dando's legacy by ensuring crime science keeps up with the pace of change The Times
Two decades ago, Jill Dando's brutal murder sent shockwaves across the UK and beyond. Following her death, Jill's family, friends and colleagues created a ...
Update: Legislator asks Pentagon to restore contract for storied Jason science advisory group - Science Magazine
Update: Legislator asks Pentagon to restore contract for storied Jason science advisory group Science Magazine
*Update, 11 April, 3:30 p.m.: The legislator who revealed the Pentagon's decision to terminate the Jason contract during a congressional hearing earlier this ...
Scientists discover a frog with glowing bones Science Magazine
The pumpkin toadlet (Brachycephalus ephippium) of Brazil is flaming orange, smaller than a nickel, and deaf to the mating calls of its own species. How the ...
College of Natural Science 'diversity' group at MSU: 'No science is needed to support transgender and non-binary identities' - TheBlaze
College of Natural Science 'diversity' group at MSU: 'No science is needed to support transgender and non-binary identities' TheBlaze
A diversity group within the College of Natural Science at Michigan State University told students that "no science is needed to support transgender and ...
National Academy of Sciences will vote on ejecting sexual harassers Science Magazine
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, D.C., will ask its members this month to change the organization's bylaws to allow proven sexual ...
NIH, FBI accuse scientists in US of sending IP to China, running shadow labs Ars Technica
MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas has forced out three senior researchers with ties to China. The move comes amid nationwide investigations by ...
Evidence for hormonal control of heart regenerative capacity during endothermy acquisition - Science Magazine
Evidence for hormonal control of heart regenerative capacity during endothermy acquisition Science Magazine
Among vertebrates, zebrafish and salamanders can regenerate their hearts, whereas adult mice and humans cannot. Hirose et al. analyzed diploid ...
Urine salts elucidate Early Neolithic animal management at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey Science Advances
The process of sheep and goat (caprine) domestication began by 9000 to 8000 BCE in Southwest Asia. The early Neolithic site at Aşıklı Höyük in central Turkey ...
Cascading impacts of large-carnivore extirpation in an African ecosystem Science Magazine
War ravages human lives and landscapes, but nonhuman victims are no less affected. The Mozambican Civil War resulted in the rapid decline of predators in ...
How US–China political tensions are affecting science Nature.com
Conference travel, research visas, science funding and security clearance are all touched by the geopolitics.
Persistence of intense, climate-driven runoff late in Mars history Science Advances
Mars is dry today, but numerous precipitation-fed paleo-rivers are found across the planet's surface. These rivers' existence is a challenge to models of planetary ...
Steven Holl Designs DNA-Inspired Science Headquarters in Shenzhen ArchDaily
Steven Holl Architects has won a competition for the design of the headquarters for iCarbonX, a genome machine intelligence company in Shenzhen.
M87 black hole picture weighs in on black hole mass estimates Science News
The first image of M87's black hole suggests it is 6.5 billion times the mass of the sun — close to what was expected based on how stars move around it.
Sustained rescue of prefrontal circuit dysfunction by antidepressant-induced spine formation - Science Magazine
Sustained rescue of prefrontal circuit dysfunction by antidepressant-induced spine formation Science Magazine
A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the action of antidepressants is urgently needed. Moda-Sava et al. explored a possible mode of action for ...
Ancient 'Snowball Earth' thawed out in a flash Science Magazine
More than half a billion years ago, our planet was a giant snowball hurtling through space. Glaciers blanketed the globe all the way to the equator in one of the ...
Is Dentistry a Science? The Atlantic
It's much less scientific—and more prone to gratuitous procedures—than you may think.
Three tips for giving a great research talk Science Magazine
In this Letter to Young Scientists, our columnists share advice for communicating your research clearly and compellingly.
U.S. judge rules deceptive publisher should pay $50 million in damages Science Magazine
A U.S. federal judge has ordered the OMICS International publishing group to pay $50.1 million in damages for deceiving thousands of authors who published in ...
Don't abandon evidence and process on air pollution policy Science Advances
Air pollution kills—scientists have known this for many years. But how do they know? The global scientific community has developed and agreed upon a ...
Hazards of human spaceflight Science Magazine
In Einstein's famous twin paradox, the effect of special relativity causes aging to slow in one twin during travel in a high-speed rocket through space while the ...
Brazil's Jair Bolsanaro slashes funding to scientists. The planet may suffer. National Geographic
When Jair Bolsonaro began his presidency of Brazil in January he quickly began making good on his campaign promises to rollback protections of the Amazon ...
Thirst regulates motivated behavior through modulation of brainwide neural population dynamics - Science Magazine
Thirst regulates motivated behavior through modulation of brainwide neural population dynamics Science Magazine
How is it that groups of neurons dispersed through the brain interact to generate complex behaviors? Three papers in this issue present brain-scale studies of ...
These suicidal aphids repair their home with their own bodily fluids Science Magazine
The gall aphid's home repair strategy gives new meaning to the phrase “sweat equity.” These insects use their own bodily fluids to patch holes in the walls of ...
EPA panel seeks to bring back fired scientists for clean-air review Science Magazine
Originally published by E&E News. A fractured EPA advisory panel is asking for help as its ability to handle a high-stakes review of particulate matter standards ...
The Lost History of One of the World’s Strangest Science Experiments The New York Times
The hummingbirds were dying. Cockroaches were everywhere. And then Steve Bannon showed up.
Preventing Flooding on Individual Farmers Fields to Save Crops
I propose permits be given to farmers to they can set up along the edge of their fields a microwave array to burn a hole in the clouds when severe weather threatens their crops. I would propose that this concept be completely privately funded and be done in conjunction with the FAA.
Secrets of The Mathematical Symmetry of Nature and Patterns of Erosion
As scientists and theorists study patterns, design, chaos, complexity they often turn to nature for examples and there is plenty of examples in nature too. The stripes on a zebra, patterns on a butterfly, spider webs, leafs on a tree, scales on a fish, seashells, brain waves, muscle structure, texture of granite, spider webs, Earth cycles, waves on the ocean, wind flow, clouds in the sky, Rainbows, Solar System, structure of a meteorite and even DNA itself.
Aerodynamics of a Flying Disk or Flying Sphere
Aerodynamics of a flying sphere. It has been said that in the future we maybe flying around anti-gravity type spheres, but this does not mean it will not have to deal with relative wind in our own atmosphere.
How A Light Bulb Works and Other Interesting Tidbits
Light Bulb ScienceEver wonder how a light bulb works? I mean it seems easy, you flick a switch and "bam" there is light! While not much more complicated than that, there is a little science involved.To understand how a light works you need to understand certain terms including voltage, watt and amperage.
Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Mudslides: Extreme Events - What Do They Mean?
In lieu of recent, tumultuous occurrences, people are more compelled than ever to discover the mystery of these modern-day, earth-changing events.One day, Earth(1) is experiencing the fourth largest earthquake in a century - a 9.
Telescopes - Principle of Operation and Factors that Affect Its Properties
Telescopes are devices that are used to view the distant objects. They find its use in astronomy and physics.
Electromagnetic Energy in Space
Tesla was always looking for a way to harvest electromagnetic energy and deliver it to the world wireless, after reading a biography about Tesla, I had come up with this concept.Why not put a satellite that counter rotates the Earth and is located at the poles.
Is Thought Evident in Plants?
Who would have thought that a plant could be a witness to a crime - and even testify against the perpetrator? Well, it is true! In the early 1970's experiments were done on ordinary houseplants, by researchers who connected a polygraph machine to a plant.An interesting thing happened - the researchers discovered that their plants actually recognized their owners, they responded to being talked to and praised, and they also fainted when exposed to negative thoughts or words, or violence directed at them.
Ground Targets Via Space Laser Weapons
It is now possible to overwhelm our enemy from space or near space (ultra high-altitude) Blimp weapons. Right now we watch as 11 Western States have massive wild fires, most caused by lightning, but they could just as easily be caused by laser weaponry.
Equipment for the Amateur Astronomer - Part 1
Binoculars and telescopes and other astronomy equipment and accessories are the meat and potatoes of amateur astronomy. A good pair of binoculars is what introduced me to the pleasures of stargazing many moons ago and only after a couple of years scanning the skies did I graduate to a telescope.
Cloaking the Postage Stamp Modern Aircraft Carrier
By using a special coating on the deck of an aircraft carrier and a projector on the top of the tallest communications mast facing down, we could project the image of the ocean onto the deck like a giant IMAX theatre screen. Although this sounds like a daunting task, it isn't really.
How Can DNA Testing Help an Immigration Case?
DNA testing is routinely used in immigration cases to prove whether a child under 18 is a biological child of or, in some cases, is related to an individual with a leave to remain in the UK. Most DNA tests for immigration reasons are parentage testing (paternity or maternity) but in some cases a grand parentage or avuncular (whether a child is a nephew or a niece of the sponsor) test is employed to prove an alleged relationship.
N400 Brain Wave to Assist in Learning and in Performance
In any important task you need to stay alert and in some professions someone could lose their life ifyou are not staying heads up or cause a serious accident where someone else has to pay with theirs. Not good, so what is the solution here? Here is a thought on learning, safety, brain waves and winning.
Weather Control and Creation to Use as a Screen for Troop Advancement
Creating a Hurricane using a Space based laser array to heat up surface waters when conditions are right. By using a tropical storm system and super heating the water in the path and then in a counter clock wise direction if in the Northern Hemisphere or Clock-wise if in the Southern Hemisphere because;"A hurricane is an immense circulating storm, an intense case of a class of weather systems called tropical cyclones.
Einstein Half Dead
100 years ago Albert Einstein developed his Relativity Theory of physics that claimed that the universe is actually based on a space-time-gravity continuum (a non-mechanical version of Rene Descartes' earlier mechanical ether theory) and with time as variable and relative.Einstein believed that his theory disproved "all of Isaac Newton's physics theory", and that "Newton's theory" had disproved all earlier physics theories.
Mini Robots Grid Meteorite Search
We need very much to study meteorites more, but we need more sampling to get this done. One way to do this is to go out hunting for meteorites.
Astrophysics and Other Universe Sentient Life
ASTROPHYSICS: - Many other entries will deal with knowledge from this truly amazing field of exploration founded in astrology and chaos science before the Ice Age. There is one question we'd like you to consider at this time.
A Call for a Worldwide Campaign on Water Conservation
If we are to tackle the challenges of future populations on the planet, we will need to insure adequate water supply. Our US population is growing, by one person every nine seconds and with this growth the consumption of fresh water increases.
UAV Air-Breathing SAM Upgrade Recommendations
Can a hybrid Surface to Air Missile, UAV loiter for hours and then become a missile to down an enemy aircraft?Small UAV surface to air missile (SAM), which is air-breathing is a good idea and yields many possibilities to the future of air combat.http://www.
The Fertilization Process and Implications of Test Tube Babies
Through the wonders of science, infertile couples who were previously unable to bear children, due to reasons such as blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, low egg quantities or advanced age of the mother, are now able to conceive through in-vitro fertilization. The results are babies known as test-tube babies which are technically conceived outside the womb.
|home | site map | Xray Photography|